Monday, July 14, 2014



Southern "scholars" have known this for 100 years.

Though Jefferson Davis told folks -- for the next 24 years -- that he was heroic, and put his life in danger to save his children,  Varina Davis letter to the Blairs showed a drastically different story.


Davis would insist for the rest of his life that he wore only his own clothes, and was brave. 

 Varina's letter, written at the time, shows Davis ran, and she told the soldiers he was her MOTHER.

While Varina does not characterize Davis as cowardly, the Union soldiers did.  The Union soldiers respected Varina -- she was the brave one.  Davis put his head down and sulked -- and only later got "macho" with his words,  after he was allowed to take off the dress and was in handcuffs. 

In fact, one witness reported Davis berated Varina, told her it was her fault they were captured.  She had just saved his life.

Varina's detail match up well with the details the Union soldiers reported --what he wore, what she and he did.  Varina's details completely obliterate Davis story of his heroism, in his normal clothing.





No -- the dress "thing"  was NOT a rumor, or made up by "Northern papers".  Southern newspaper reported it first, for example.  If anything, the Northern papers under reported Davis actions, but focused on the dress.  

While Davis did not wear a "hoop skirt"  ( and no one said he did, a hoop skirt was a formal dancing dress) he most certainly did wear a DRESS.   

Gee -- I wonder why Southern "historians" tell you it was "just a rumor" or a "newspaper thing".  Why not reveal what his own wife and nephew wrote about what he did, (run like a coward) and what he wore (his wife's clothes) and the most important part -- he left his children in danger, ran for his own safety. 


Varina's full letter -- 20 pages -- is STILL at the library of Congress, where it has been since 1906.  And Southern "historians" knew about it, the whole time.  They just hoped you wouldnt find out.

You found it.

The dress was the least of it -- because Jefferson Davis also told his wife, stunningly -- to  force the soldiers to kill her rather than be captured.  He told her it would be a "shame" to the South if she was taken alive, implying he would go down fighting, too.  But when the brave talker was in danger, and his children were in danger, he ran away, and he already had her dress on


And it was NOT just her letter. Her book shows something interesting too.



Davis told his wife to "force your assailants to kill you" if you were captured -- and implied he would do the same.

Oh yes he did.   And he did this in public, was widely reported by others, not just Varina, in her book. Who tells his wife to get herself killed.

And while Varina doesn't mention this part, others who heard Davis tell her to get herself killed, said he gave her the reason -- it would "shame the South" if she did not die. Davis had urged so many others to die, to the death, he was playing macho man when telling his wife to get herself killed.

But macho man Davis ran like a coward, and then claimed he was heroic!

Davis, as you will see -- claimed he was heroic. 

Varina had no idea the Blairs would keep her letter --in fact, she told them to destroy it.  Fifty years later, the Blair children donated it to the Library of Congress, where it remains today.

Kids!  What are you going to do.  Yet the speech given by the "kids," by then grown old themselves, made it clear, it was accepted and verified that Davis had run away, in Varina's dress.  Her letter verifies that, and more, makes an unintentional mockery of Davis claim to be heroic.

Be clear --Varina's intention was NOT to embarrass Davis, she is trying to save his reputation in their eyes, like she tried to protect him in person. She relates these things in a way she hopes the Blairs will empathize with Davis.  She did not know then, what narrative Davis would claim.  

Varina never candidly says "He wore my dress" but she makes it very clear, he was not in normal clothing, and then says, in effect, so what if he had on full womens attire, he did it because he so loved the South.  

The details she relates, in her haste apparently, are amazing. "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER"   is the most important.   You can't spin that as an errant garment.   She told the soldiers, repeatedly according to the soldiers, that Davis was her MOTHER.

And she writes that -- Varina  writes that she told the soldiers Davis was her mother.   Varina writes that Davis told her to get herself killed.  Please understand this. Varina's own book, and own letter, reveal a stunningly different view of Davis, though her intention was always to protect him, never shame him.

Though Varina doesn't mention this, her sister also tried to convince the soldiers, Davis was their MOTHER, both women told the soldiers, even after Davis was stopped, that he was their MOTHER and to let "her" go.

Had Varina known then, what Davis would claim (that he was heroic and only wore his own clothes) she would never have exposed him.  Hindsight is 20-20.


Davis claimed  uncommon heroism in saving his children.  He played it off as he wanted to kill the first Union soldier, and die fighting, but only his "tender concern"  for his children made up sacrifice his own honor by being taken alive.  There was simply nothing Davis could or would not spin to honor  himself, no matter what the facts were. 

Nothing could be further from the truth.  The basic fact is this -- Varina Davis and her nephew both validate the Union soldier's reports, and show Jeff Davis own claims of heroism and concern for his children were nonsense. 

Page 17  

"I said it was my mother."

"If not for the interposition of my body, 
[Davis] would have been shot."

Varina jumped in front of Davis -- she had to catch him to save him from being shot as he ran. 

Davis runs to horse
to get away --  leaving his children as bullets flew


The facts are so embarrassing, so foul, Southern "historians" had to steer clear, and the less said about his capture, the better.

There was and is no way to spin away this level of cowardice and deception, into one of heroism. Davis tried to claim he was heroic -- that he saved his children. Remember that -- because Davis apologists never even tell you he claimed to be heroic. 


Davis claimed -- to the Nth degree, specifically, and maniacally, -- that he wore ONLY his normal clothing,, and that he saved his children.   

Davis even had his picture taken in those clothes, published to "prove" what he wore!  Those clothes, right now, right this minute, are on display at Museum of Confederacy. 

  Know what's NOT on display?   The letter from Varina about what Davis did and wore. 

But Davis apologist can't tell you that, because they have to claim Davis had on "errant" clothing -- while Davis was very very specific that he wore these EXACT clothes. In fact, the "Museum of the Confederacy" actually shows those clothes to this day!

They do not mention the "errant" clothes.   And they sure as hell don't tell you about her letter. 


Davis told his wife, emphatically and in public,  to get herself killed, rather than be taken alive -- see HER book about that. 

Remember --she wrote that in HER book.

Being captured, he told her, would be a disgrace to the South and the family. 


Davis own nephew -- Tyler Woods -- was there with his uncle and aunt.   Later he would admit, in his journal, that Jefferson Davis ran away dressed as a woman. He said he "regret exceedingly" Davis attempt to escape (leaving his children in danger).


Davis wife and nephew's writings confirm the Union soldier's reports.


 The most stunning fact was NOT the dress --and NOT that Davis was running away, leaving his children and wife in danger.

 Here is arguably the most  stunning part.  According to Varina, Davis told her to get herself killed. Go down fighting, he told her - force them to kill you. 

None of this is in dispute -- no one claims Varina did not write her book, or her letter to the Blairs.   No one claims his nephew did not write that journal.

Southern "historians" just hoped you would never find out about her letter, and nephew's journal.


Do you think Davis biographers and Southern "historians" don't know about Varina's book?  It was a huge seller in her life time.She wrote about him -- his life with her, almost day by day through the Civil War.

Think they don't know her book, very well?

Think they don't  Varina writes in her own book Davis told her to get herself killed?

Think they don't know that?

Think they don't know her letter to the Blairs?  That's letter is mentioned frequently in books and articles ABOUT HER!   Think Davis biographers did not read about her??

So they know -- they know her letter, they know her book.   But it's too hard to admit that, and still show Davis as anything other than a liar and coward.  He not only was a coward, he lied about it, and claimed to be heroic, and his biographers know that, too.

Southern "historians" just hoped you would never find out about her letter, and nephew's journal.


No one is chasing the "historians" -- why not just admit what Varina's letter said? Why not just admit what the nephew's journal said?  

Davis was obsessed with proving he was brave --  BECAUSE he knew he had been a coward.  Not sorta, not kinda, Davis was a coward who told his wife to get herself killed, but he ran dressed in her clothes, then claimed to be heroic. Yes, he did. No, there is no other logical explanation, given the facts from his own wife and nephew, backed up by Union soldier reports. 

Can you imagine Lincoln running away, when his children were in danger?    Can you imagine IKE running away in a dress? Can you imagine Teddy Roosevelt spending years getting people to write false affidavits about his heroism, when he was a coward?


How Southern "scholars" treat what they know is 

Davis would have gotten away with the cowardice and false claims of heroism - except for his wife's letter, and his nephew's journal.

Varina Davis letter to the Blair's.

And  from his nephews journal.




THIS IS FROM HER BOOK. Davis told her to force her assailants (he was talking about Union troops)  to kill you, do not be taken alive.  

So no "Davis expert" can possibly miss Varina's book, about him.  In that book, she tells us that Davis told her to get herself killed. 

Remember that -- SHE wrote it.   In that same book, she just avoids the topic of his capture, when he wore the dress.   She simply stops her book, which was chronological in order, a few hours before his capture.

She could have easily confirmed his story about him saving the children -- but she did not.  She could have easily confirmed his account of being brave -- but she did not.  She would not outright lie for him.  SHe just suddenly stopped her book at that point, hours before the capture.



The FIRST papers to report Davis in a dress -- running away  -- were not  from the North, but from Macon Georgia 

The FIRST papers to report Davis in a dress -- running away  -- were not  from the North, but from Macon

If you visit the Museum of the Confederacy -- this is what you will see!   The jacket Davis said he wore, and the pictures of Davis in those exact clothes he claimed to have worn upon capture.

Ask yourself - does that look like the three garments his wife wrote about? At all?  Could the soldiers be confused, when they stood and talked to Davis, while he was in the dress!

Strange indeed that his wife and nephew would describe FEMALE garments -- three of them -- and the soldiers would go into more detail, but Davis  comes up with the picture of his normal suit!  And of course, the Museum of Confederacy has to push Davis deception, on that and many other things. 

he had three layers of female clothes on, none by mistake.

 Southern "historians" have tried dozens of ways around the truth -- Wikipedia version gives some nonsense about Davis being ill, and an assistant put a wrap around him for warmth.  

This  Georgia "encyclopedia" online claims the "dress thing" was just "persistent rumors."  

And they know better, they know Varina Davis letter, they know the nephew's journal. They know the Union soldier's reports verify what Davis wife and nephew wrote.

Sound like rumors?  The wife's letter -- still visible in person at library of Congress -- is a rumor?  

The nephew's published journal is a rumor?   

The soldiers written reports are a rumor?

 But notice that "encyclopedia"  dare not mention his wife's letter, his nephew's journal, or the Union reports.   Think they don't know? OF COURSE they know.  Whoever wrote this BS knew all that --but they can't have their hero be a zero.

They just say "Davis made no attempt to disguise!  Really? So his wife, and his nephew lied? 

 No, he did not have anything errant on, Varina is specific, SHE put on the three garments, and she called out "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER".   

One witness claimed Davis acted like a "spoiled child" and berated his wife for his capture.

  Another remembered Davis berated the soldiers quoting Davis:  "I suppose you consider it bravery to charge a train of defenseless women and children, but it is theft, it is vandalism "

Davis was allowed to get out of his female disguise -- and Varina was allowed to help him.   Stunningly, when they both emerged from the tent, Varina had on the very dress Davis  had on moments before!! You can't make this shit up!   

Varina's letter confirm Dickerson's report.

  • The dress was undoubtedly Mrs Davis' traveling dress
  • Davis ran away, defended no one
  • He wore on his person a woman's long black dress
  • [dress] completely concealed his figure, excepting the spurred boot heels
  • Davis allowed to remove dress and get back in normal clothes
                          VARINA'S LETTER
  • Davis had on three different female garments
  • Davis ran --defended no one
  • Varina called out "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER".
  • Obviously, Davis got out of the three layers of female clothing

  • Davis ran away
  • Davis had on female disguise
  • Davis protected no one

Varinas letter, in every basic fact, and in some startling details, confirms the soldier's report.   In fact, she mentions embarrassing details the soldiers left out, like that she tried to convince the solders he was her mother.

If that was not enough, Davis own nephew, who was there, later wrote he was sorry for being part of the effort to dress Davis as a woman and run away.



Did all these "Davis experts" miss the letter from Varina? 

Did Southern "historians" not know about the nephew's journal?  Or the Southern newspaper that first reported Davis running away in a dress?

 Of course they knew.  But Davis made it so hard for them!

Davis made it hard, by insisting to the Nth degree he was the hero and actively protected his children. You can't have your hero, your man of principle, be a coward and a liar, and tell his wife to be killed, but then run away in her dress!

Oh yeah, and he took gold collected for the wounded, when he raced away from Richmond.

This part about Varina saving Davis, and daring the soldier to shoot her (Varina) was also in the Union soldiers report, who were stunned by her bravery.


His claims of heroism for his children were as false as his claims for caring for the "Constitution".  Davis was part of the killing machine in Kansas, to stop free speech and force slavery into Kansas, from 1856 on, as you can see HERE 




What did Varina say   -- 25 years later, in her two volume biography of Davis, about his capture?

Her book is wonderful --full of details, and defense of Davis.

SHe goes chronologically, day by day, with stunning detail.  But Varina just STOPS when she comes to the capture. Not one word. That chapter ends, and she starts thinking people on the next page..    
Give her credit -- Varina would bend the truth to save her hubby from embarrassment, but she would not outright lie for him.

Keckley made the dress?

Ever hear of Elizabeth Keckley? Easily one of the most fascinating women of the 19th century, yet most people never heard of her.

According to her autobiography, she sewed clothes for Mrs Davis -- later, she would sew clothes for Mrs Lincoln!   After the Civil War, she was in Chicago, and happened upon a wax display of Davis, showing, supposedly, a dress he wore when captured.   According to her, she recognized the stitching as hers -- although whether Mr Davis had it on, ever, she could not say.  But it was her work.   See this.  

Keckley's comments mean little, however, because that garment may well have been a dress Varina had, but Davis didn't wear. In fact, certainly it was NOT the dress Davis had on, because Varina got that from him, and put it on herself!

But the soldiers did take the other clothes as souvenirs, so perhaps, if Keckley was correct, that was one of the other garments.







The soldier's reports were matter-of-fact. They mentioned, but did not make, a "big deal" of his dress or actions. The reports mentioned the dress -- in two sentences, deep down in the report. 

It was Varina who went on and on -- and on - about the "dressing gown"  and tried to take the blame for him wearing it.

Remember, Davis said he had on his normal clothing.  No gown, no Ratigan, no running.    

Maybe the most unreported fact is that  Davis was allowed to take off the dress, according to Union soldiers.   In the privacy of a tent, with his wife's help, Davis took off the dress,  but Varina put it on!   When Davis emerged from the tent, in his manly clothes, Varina had put on the dress Davis took off!!

You can't make this up.  She put on her dress -- that he had worn moments ago -- so the soldiers would not take it for a souvenir. 


Davis knew no figure in US  history is known to have run away in a dress, as their children were in danger, as enemy soldiers threatened.  It's unthinkable that Lincoln would, or Eisenhower,  for example.  




The typical Davis biography,  buries the "dress story" deep in a late chapter, hardly addressing it at all, and dismissing any notion that he wore a dress as silly, or a conspiracy.   Bullshit -- and they KNOW it's bullshit.

  His wife was not trying to smear Davis, even to the Blairs, she was trying to take the blame, explain away the dress, and even then she told the Blairs to destroy the letter.  It was never her intention to embarrass him -- quite the opposite. 

Her letter, however, unquestionably and rightfully confirms the Union's soldiers reports.   Davis did run away, in his wife's dress, leaving his children in danger, and then claim to be heroic. 

And that is the way Southern "Historians" liked it, like Shelby Foote, and William Cooper, Felicity Hope, etc. 



They know Davis demanded the spread of slavery by force into Kansas, even though Kansas voted overwhelmingly -- and fought - to keep slavery out.

But they didn't tell you about that, either. 






The soldier's reports were matter-of-fact. They mentioned, but did not make, a "big deal" of his dress or actions. The reports mentioned the dress -- in two sentences, deep down in the report. 

It was Varina who went on and on -- and on - about the details, the three garments, one a"dressing gown" . She tried to take the blame for him wearing it, but Davis was a control freak, and oppressive to his wife.  If he had on three female garments -- and he did -- it was his idea, not hers. 

Remember, Davis said he had on his normal clothing.  No gown, no Ratigan, no running.    


Davis knew no figure in US  history is known to have run away in a dress, as their children were in danger, as enemy soldiers threatened.  It's unthinkable that Lincoln would, or Eisenhower,  for example.  



Why some in the South --  SEEM to hate Varina, to this day.

One interesting thing I noticed while researching Varina Davis, was the loathing, just beneath the surface, for her by some in Virginia. 

Keep in mind Varina was very loyal to Davis -- saved his life, protected him from everyone,  and while she wrote that letter, she had no idea it would be saved and published.

Every thing she did --everythign she said, in public, was like an obedient wife. Her two volume book on Davis is as flattering as it can be.

Yes, she wrote that letter to Blairs showing he was cowardly, and wore three layers of female clothing,  but even in it she tries to take the blame.  And she told them to destroy the letter! . That's right, in the letter itself, she says destroy this letter or it might embarrass Davis!

But watch this --  Encyclopedias never take this tone -- whoever wrote this apparently hated Varina. And of course, they never met of course.  I found that fascinating!

                                                Southern Encyclopedias Hate Varina to this day!

Varina as a very good looking woman, and defended the Davis and the South.     But the way the above article spins it, they clearly hate her anyway. She was not attractive they said, and her
 "political loyalties" were "suspect from the beginning" said the article. Really? No, they were not. 

Varina wrote to Northern relatives?  That's what they said, and "spent years in the North".   By North, they mean DC, and Davis lived there too, damn fucking liars. 

Whoever runs the Virginia Encyclopedia savaged Varina in this article -- almost like a gossip piece rather than an encyclopedia..  Her skin was considered "unattractive" they said!!  

No, it was not, this is some crap the encyclopedia made up.    Davis was homely and old looking by time he was 46, she was 17 when he met her!   A big tit 17 year old girl, too stupid to know Davis was a slick tongue liar -- she would find that out, though.

To savage her on looks tells you all you need to know about that "encyclopedia".   She was NOT -- but Mrs Lee, that lady, wow.   If she were not rich, and owned all those slaves and land, Robert E  would have thrown mud pies at her.  She was homely as hell.  But you don't see the Virginia Encylopedia dissing her looks.

They diss Varina's looks, and she was HOT.  See any spin by these bastards?

The article claims  she had "few marriage prospects". There is nothing to back that statement,  Davis pursued her because she was attractive had those big tits, was 17 -- just 17, if you know what I mean, and yeah, we know what you mean, Davis did too.

She was young and impressionable.   She saw him as an older guy, not as a suitor, until he chased her. 

 The article said her father was "unable to support his family".  Bullshit, the writers of this hit piece just make shit up -- like anyone who honors men like Davis and Lee, you need to be able to make shit up.

This same "encyclopedia" does nothing but praise Davis and Robert E Lee, effusively, never mind how cowardly they were in private, nor how cruel they were as slave masters.

She "was not attractive" says the article -- she was HOT, with big boobs and big lips, and a hell of a figure.  

But they claim Davis, one of the ugliest men in US history, was a "handsome man"   Who writes this shit?

Varina did NOT "quickly fall in love with him" as the encyclopedia claims - she indicated to others that because of her youth, and his age, she did not even consider him a suitor.  He was old enough to be her father -- and she was hot with big tits.   He was ugly, but he was a great bullshitter.

But the writer of the article wanted you believe Varina just lusted after Davis. Bullshit.

Then the article claims Davis was too refined for her, and a hero -- Davis claims of heroism, we know what those are worth.   

 Really amazing to do that to the "First Lady" of the Confederacy, even if it were true, but what they said is false, and the bastards knew it.

  Apparently they hate her because of her 20 page letter, and the fact that years later, she said the right side won the war.

The encylopedia refuses to consider her white!  A very sly insult -- "some white Richmonders compared her to an Indian squaw"   Yeah, the Richmonder who wrote the article. 

 What the hell are they talking about, her loyalties?   She met Davis when she was 17 -- he was over twice her age.  She had no loyalties, and she would spend every day of most of her life promoting Jeff Davis, serving him, saving him. She really existed, old school, for Davis.

Even the letter which rats Davis out, she is trying to protect him. She just wrote so much, so many details, that she essentially repudiated Davis own distortions --but that was not her intention.  Had she known anyone other than the Blairs would read it, she would not have written it.

To throw that word "squaw" in there was not only false, it was malicious, and the writer at the Encyclopedia meant it to be. 

So Davis sure enjoyed her and her skin.

Have you ever seen such an "Encyclopedia" article? I never  have.  

Read the full article, its really amazing.

 They accuse -- as if its a crime -- her of writing to her family.  She wrote her family  That's right -- she wrote to her family, so that makes her unfit?   Here is a clue, lot of people wrote their family -- people wrote letters all the time, but the way this encyclopedia portrays Varina, writing her family was an act of disloyalty.  Very .

Varina could have easily written a tell all book about her husband years later -- she was nothing but flattering to and about him. Her letter was private, and even that tried to protect Davis.

 Why bring up her looks at all?  Robert E Lee has a homely as hell wife -- to be blunt  --,but Varina was very good looking.. If a woman was not beautiful, why bring it up at all? This encyclopedia just enjoyed their digs at Varina.

 Suppose Varina was homely?  No, she wasn't -- but suppose she was. Why mention it?  Because they hate her. Really, whoever wrote it, hates Varina. .



Julian G. Dickinson, Late Adjutant 4th Michigan Cavalry and Brevet Captain, USV

Original Member of the Michigan Commandery, Insignia Number 3751

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

Read January 8, 1889 (First Published 1899)



Being questioned by Col. Pritchard, he stated there had been several mounted men to the house ring the afternoon, from a camp near the village, to purchase forage and provisions, and the camp lay about a mile and a half out on the Abbeville road. Placing the freedman in advance for guide, and directing the utmost silence to be preserved in the column, we moved out on the Abbeville road. The night was rather dark, but clear and very quiet. We marched the distance of about a mile when we halted and made the necessary arrangements for the capture of the camp when light was deemed sufficient to enable us to discern its situation.

A detail of 25 men, under command of Lieut. Purinton, was sent to make a circuit of the camp and get into position on the road beyond, to station pickets, and take precautions for preventing the escape of the occupants in that direction, awaiting our advance and capture of the camp.

We rested until the first appearance of the dawn of the morning of the 10th. The order was then quietly given to mount, and placing a small force under command of Capt. Charles T. Hudson, as an advance guard, with directions to charge forward upon the camp, our column moved in support. The charge was uninterrupted by any picket of camp guards, and we speedily entered and enveloped the camp by a surprise so complete that no one seemed to have been disturbed.

The advance guard moved directly and quickly through the camp toward Lieut. Purinton's picket. Our main column halted for a minute in the road before entering the camp. On the right of the road, in line, facing a clearing or parade, stood three wall tents; beyond the clearing there was, what appeared to me to be, a swampy thicket; on our left, in the woods, at some distance from the road, was a miscellaneous collection of tents and ambulances. The extent of the camp could not, however, be distinctly seen from our position.

At this moment some of our men appeared to be straggling from the column and Col. Pritchard directed my attention to it and to the care of the camp, and as he moved forward with the column through the camp, I rode out and took a position by the roadside until the column passed me. I then rode across the parade, in front of the wall tents, on the right of the road. I saw no one about the tents and there was nothing indicating who occupied them, until, as I passed the tents d started to move into the road beyond, I saw a man partially dressed, emerging from a "shelter-tent." I at once rode up to him and inquired what force was there in camp. He looked at me seemingly bewildered. Not hearing him reply to me, I repeated the question, and while lingering for a response, I was suddenly startled by a familiar voice calling.

I turned and saw Andrew Bee, our "headquarters cook," who was standing close to the front of one of the wall tents and pointing to three persons in female attire, who, arm in arm, were moving rapidly across the clearing towards the thicket. Andrew called to me, "Adjutant, there goes a man dressed in woman's clothes." 

The person indicated was quite apparent, and I rode at once toward the party, ordering them to halt, repeating the order rapidly, they seeming not to hear, or not inclined to obey, until I rode directly across their pathway, when they halted. At that moment Corporal Munger, of Company C, came riding up from the thicket, and taking a stand in the rear of the party brought his carbine to a position for firing upon the man dressed in woman's clothes, at the same time applying to him an appellation that was in vogue among the troopers as a designation of "Jeff. Davis." I ordered the corporal not to fire, there being no perceptible resistance.

The person in disguise was Jefferson Davis, and his companions were Mrs. Davis and her colored waiting maid. The scene thus presented was rendered pathetic by the cries of Davis' family at the tents and by the heroic conduct of Mrs. Davis, who placed her arms around the drooping head of her husband, as if to protect him from threatened peril; she mad no other appeal to us.

Davis had on for disguise a black shawl drawn closely around his head and shoulders, through the folds of which I could see his gray hairs. He wore on his person a woman's long, black dress, which completely concealed his figure, excepting his spurred boot heels. The dress was undoubtedly Mrs. Davis' traveling dress, which she afterwards wore on her return march to Macon. At the time of the capture she was attired in her morning gown and a black shawl covering her head and stately form, while her waiting maid was completely attired in black.

Glancing from this party before me, and around the position, I was startled by the presence of several rebel officers who in the meantime quietly came upon the scene. The positions they had taken clearly indicated they were interested in the movement of their chief. I ordered Davis and his party to retire to their tents and then moved toward the rebel officers in question, requesting them to also retire. I was promptly obeyed.

I directed Corporal Munger to guard Mr. Davis and his party in their tents, and to take two men who came up with him for that purpose. I then rode forward to report to Col. Pritchard the episode that had taken place. In the meantime spirited firing had commenced, and the usual evidences of an engagement with an enemy appeared in the direction our column had advanced.

As I passed Davis' tent, in going to the front, Mrs. Davis called to me, and I dismounted to hear her request. She asked what we were going to do with Mr. Davis and whether herself and family would be permitted to go along with him. I informed her that I could not tell what would be done with any of them until I had reported to my commanding officer. She then very earnestly said that we must not interfere with Mr. Davis as he was a very desperate man and would hurt some of us. She further requested that I would see to certain things that she had in th wagon, and I promised to attend to that

As I moved into the road I met one of our officers from the front with something from the wagon, in the shape of a canteen of most excellent fluid, of which he freely offered me a share. I mete Col. Pritchard just returning from an unfortunate conflict with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, that regiment having come upon our pickets and mistaking them for an enemy, retired and formed for a battle, which forced our column to form in line and skirmish with them, in the belief that we had met a force of the enemy. Col. Pritchard brought the engagement to a close by dashing into the lines of the 1st Wisconsin and notifying them of the mistake.

The fact was that the 1st Wisconsin and the 4th Michigan expected to find a desperate force of the enemy; the 1st Wisconsin, however, was marching without any knowledge of the locality of the camp, and without any expectation of finding it at that time, having been in bivouac most of the night, a few miles from our picket.

I reported to Col. Pritchard the capture of Jeff. Davis in his attempt to escape from the camp in female attire, and that I had put him under guard. In the meantime Mr. Davis put on his male attire - a suit of gray - and came out of his tent. When he saw Col. Pritchard he shouted out some inquiry, which he followed up with the old familiar charge, "You are vandals, thieves and robbers." He evidently had worked himself into a rage, for when I went to him soon after, getting the names of the prisoners, he refused my request for his name, and I was obliged to receive it from his wife, who spoke up proudly, in answer to my repeated question, "his name is Jefferson Davis, sir."

The captured party consisted of Jefferson Davis, accompanied by Mrs. Davis and their three children; John H. Reagan, Postmaster General; Col. Johnston, A.D.C.; Col. Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary, and Col. F.R. Lubbock, A.D.C., of Jeff. Davis' staff; Major V.R. Maurin, of the Richmond Battery of Light Artillery; Capt. George V. Moody, Mollison's Light Artillery; Lieut. Hathaway, 14th Ky. Infantry; privates W.W. Monroe and F. Messick, 14th Ky.; privates Sanders, Ingraham, Wilbury, Baker, Smith, Heath and Alliston, of the 2d Ky. Cavalry; privates J.H. Taylor and A.W. Brady, Co. E. 15th Miss., private J.W. Furley, 13th Tenn., all of the late Confederate States army, and midshipman Howell of the Confederate navy, Miss Howell, a sister of Mrs. Davis, accompanied her. There were two colored women and one colored man, servants of the Davis family. Of the three children of Mr. Davis' family, the youngest was a babe and quite a favorite in our command (once on the march I saw it handed along the line); the oldest child was a little girl about ten years of age, and the other child was a boy of about seven or eight years. There was also with the party a little colored lad about the same age as young Davis, and the two created considerable amusement for us by their wrestling exercises. Burton N. Harrison, the Private Secretary, was the gentleman of whom I sought so diligently to elicit information immediately preceding the capture.

There was not the slightest show of any resistance on the part of any of the captured party, and they were all kindly treated by their captors. That their wagons and tents were searched thoroughly, I have no doubt. Lieut. James Vernor obtained a trophy of Davis' wardrobe, a dressing gown, which he exhibits, but whether Davis wore it as part of his garments at the capture is not known. It might possibly have been worn under his disguise.

Their horses were all taken by our men and considerable sums of money in gold were captured. The gold was taken, as I understood from Col. Johnston at the time, in the holsters of the rebel officers, where it had been carried for safety and convenience. Who captured the gold is somewhat of a mystery to this day. At the camp, immediately after the capture, Col. Pritchard was informed that one of our men, a Tennessean named James H. Lynch, was possessed of most of the coin and the Colonel searched him but found none of the gold; afterwards it is well known that Lynch distributed several pieces of gold coin among his companions and gave a few pieces to some of his officers. It is certain that the coin was never equally distributed.

In preparing for the return march their horses were all returned to the prisoners, and Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family were allowed the use of the ambulances, which they occupied most of the time on our return march.

On the 12th of May, returning, we met Major Robert Burns, A.A.G. of Minty's staff, from headquarters at Macon, who brought to us President Johnson's proclamation, offering rewards for the capture of Jeff. Davis and other fugitives. The proclamation was the first intelligence we received of the assassination of our President, Abraham Lincoln, and of the reward. I have now in my possession the copy of the proclamation which was handed to me at that time. It was issued on the 2d day of May, 1865, was published to the Cavalry Corps, M.D.M. at Macon, on the 8th day of May, 1865, and reached our command, as I have said, on the 12th day of May. Mr. Davis was securely guarded during our return march. Perhaps his guard was more strict than it would have been had he not given notice that he would make his escape if possible.

Before reaching Macon, Col. Pritchard received orders to make a detail form his regiment in readiness to take his prisoners to Washington, and after we reached camp, he proceeded upon that service and conveyed Jeff. Davis to Fortress Monroe.

The Secretary of War directed Col. Pritchard at Washington to obtain the disguise worn by Jeff. Davis at his capture, and Captain Charles T. Hudson undertook to procure it from Mrs. Davis. In his account of the affair, Capt. Hudson has related in a letter to Major-General J.H. Wilson, that Mrs. Davis stated to him that she attired Mr. Davis in her own dress, and she surrendered a certain garment which Col. Pritchard afterward described in his report to the Secretary of War as a "waterproof cloak or dress." Though I did not examine the texture of the dress worn by Davis at the capture, and cannot say whether it was waterproof or not, it was beyond all question a "woman's dress," and precisely like the dress usually worn by Mrs. Davis after the capture during our march back to Macon. I am very sure that not any gentleman's garment that could be described as a waterproof cloak was found or seen in the possession of Davis at his capture, or while on the march to Macon.

Burton N. Harrison, Jeff. Davis' Private Secretary, in his paper in "The Century," November, 1886, on this subject, states that Davis was not disguised at all, and that he wore a waterproof cloak which he usually wore on the march; and by further statement seeks to discredit other witnesses present at the capture, by assuring the public only one of our troopers was present there, the one who accosted him, and that he and Mrs. Davis and that one trooper, were the only persons who saw Davis at his capture; when the fact is, that while Davis was standing in his disguise in my presence, three of our troopers saw him, besides Andrew Bee, who pointed to Davis as "a man dressed in woman's clothes;" and there was present not more than two rods from the disguised figure, Capt. Moody and within about four rods from him, Col. Lubbock and other Confederate Army officers, who doubtless saw what took place.

My record of the event was made at the time in the line of my duty, and I then correctly and officially reported the fact of his disguise to my commanding officers.





What SOUTHERN and Davis apologist really don't want you to know. Or suspect.

It's impossible to know exactly why each Southern "historian" pretends Davis was honorable, brave etc.   But likely, they have invested so much in the myth of Confederate honor, and principle, they can not possible admit Davis was a coward, a liar, and did the things we show below.

Like his killing sprees to spread slavery.

Like his pledge to re-enslave all blacks, and take more slaves by arms in the North, and make them slaves, forever.

All blacks -- promised Davis -- North and South, would be put on the slave status, forever.

If you admit Davis was duplicitous and deceptive about his bravery -- which he was -- the rest of this is easier to believe, and harder to avoid. 

We are redoing this part of this blog..... sorry it's confusing, don't read it you don't want to deal with the mess. 

Here is the basic truth about Davis, Foote and other Southern apologist know -- much worse than the dress, and cowardice, 

Davis paid David Rice Atchison to kill people in Kansas, 1856, for even speaking against slavery.   See speech by Atchison himself, bragging about it.

Yes, bragging. 


Davis promised to invade the North, and make slaves of all blacks there.  He also ordered any person with "black blood" ever freed, to be "re-enslaved" forever.

A man of honor.  A man of "uncommon bravery" .  A man utterly devoted to the bible, his family, and his country.  

A man who sacrificed everything for that noble cause of states rights.   A man  of "Unconquerable heart".

Not so much, actually. Turns out the entire notion of Davis, and other Confederate leaders as a men of principle, may be fundamentally untrue. 

Over the past 50 years, an estimated 5 million children have gone to schools named after Jefferson Davis or Robert E Lee.  

Hundreds of millions have driven on Robert E Lee or Jefferson Davis highways, or  seen monuments to the men.

Davis and Lee are shown as brave, even anti-slavery....

None of that is true.  Davis insisted slavery was "A Divine Gift" and promised war if slavery was not spread into Kansas.  Davis  and Vice President Stephens even bragged his new nation -- the CSA -- was founded on the great truth of God's will for white men to punish the inferior black race, for sins Stephens insisted were biblical.

These were not two drunks at a bar -- these were the President and Vice President of the Confederacy, bragging about it.   Things that were "glossed" over in our  history books.

 Lee had girls, the age of the girls in the schools named after him, whipped and even tortured in other ways, for trying to escape.   Lee's father, White Horse Lee as he was called, had a girl that age hung, despite her pleas to let her give birth to her child, due soon.

The same document -- notice the last sentence.   He says this to address the issue, so that in the future, there will be "no misunderstanding".  

One of the most amazing events in US history was not that Davis wore a dress, but that his wife put that dress on, when he took it off.  Several soldiers mentioned -- briefly -- that Varina emerged from the tent wearing the dress Davis had taken off.   Apparently to keep the Union soldiers from using it as a souvenir, which in fact, worked.

   The soldiers did send the overcoat -- the "Ratigan" to Secretary of War Stanton.  Much was made that Stanton never showed the dress.  He could not show the dress, because Varina put it on!  

The point is -- Davis is would insist, for the next 24 years, that he was heroic. Dressed in his manly clothes, he protected his children with his life, and would have killed the first Union soldier,  if not for the proximity of the children, who would be in danger because of his bravery.  

Davis, as he did on so many things, flipped reality on it's head.

He had to give a story -- that's the one he gave.