ORIGINAL DOCUMENT SOURCES



Southern and Davis apologist can not possibly admit he ran away in a dress -- that's just the start of it. 

VARINA DAVIS HANDWRITTEN  LETTER 






THE DRESS WAS HIS LEAST COWARDLY ACT THAT DAY.

He also told his wife to get herself killed -- because being taken alive would "bring shame" upon the South.  Make your assailants kill you, he said.


Yes, he did. Then Davis ran away, leaving his children in danger.  Even worse, later Davis claimed to be heroic, that he saved his children. 

As you see, Davis was no where near those children, he had run away, and told his wife to get herself killed -- and by implication, the children.

Yes. He. Did. 

And there is more. 


I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER



As you will see below, Varina wrote to the Blairs that she told the soldiers to leave "her" alone:

 " I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER"



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GET YOURSELF KILLED -- HE TOLD HIS WIFE.

He even implied they would all  die too, rather than be taken alive. 
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Davis nephew, who was also there, admitted Davis ran away dressed as female.







Union soldiers reports were much the same, in every important detail, to Varina's letter. 

I said it was my mother -- a very hard nut to crack or explain away, which is why no Southern "historian" or Davis biographer will dare show her letter.   Not once, not ever, not in over 100 years.

Yet Varina's biographers have no trouble showing it, or referring to it honestly.  

No one disputes it's her letter, and no one disputes any fact in it.  

When she claims he was running away, and she jumped in front of him, she is not trying to brag-- rather,  she was trying to show what a brute that Union soldier was, how he cursed and promised to shoot Davis.

She told that brute to "Shoot me" if you needed to shoot someone. Really.

Union soldiers confirmed that exact event, in their reports.    That's exactly when Varina yelled "It's MY MOTHER." 

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Varina, being  human, would stretch the truth, spin, but she would not outright lie  for Davis. For example, she would never say Davis was in his normal clothing, or that he saved anyone.

Davis insisted emphatically for the next 15 years he was dressed in his normal elegant clothes, AND saved the children from certain death.

She could have-- at any time in the next 40 year of her life -- say that Davis told the truth that day. She never would.  Ever. She never backed his story, though she was asked about it often, and wrote a book about their flight from Richmond.

This makes her letter and book that much more interesting.

By the way, Varina's sister ALSO told the Union soldiers Davis was her mother, too.

Both women spent a half minute or so, with Davis standing right by them,  insisting he was their mother, until a Union soldier pulled Davis head covering back.

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The Union soldiers allowed Davis to remove the female garments -- all three of them. One of the funniest stories about Davis, is that Varina emerged from the tent, with the dress Davis had just taken off.


That's right, when Davis and his wife emerged from the tent,  she came out in the very dress Davis just took off.

  Davis came out, dressed in his typical very "modern" and spiffy clothes. 

No, Varina does not say that -- but the Union soldiers did. They did not make a big deal of this-- just one sentence in their report.  

For those who claim the soldiers "made up lies" to slander Davis, strange indeed they referred to the dress only in passing, they did not make a big deal of it, in their reports.

Varina, on the other hand, went on and on about his garments.   Now, why on earth would she go on and on about his garments, if he only had on his normal, very modern clothes? 

If Davis was in his normal clothing -- why not say that? In fact, Varina never, ever, for the rest of her life, said Davis was in his normal clothing.

When asked about it years later, she would smile and say quietly, "Mr. Davis did not wear a hoop skirt."

Of course, no one seriously claimed it was a hoop skirt, and that was Varina's joke.  The reports said he wore a basic dress, dark dress. No one wore a "hoop skirt" on the dirt roads while travelling. 

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So why keep insisting -- endlessly -- that Davis wore his own clothes, or had on an "errant" wrap by mistake -- is more than foolish. It's deliberate deception.

Even Davis never claimed an "errant wrap" or said it was too confusing to know.  

That 'errant wrap' nonsense came from those making up things out of thin air.  They had to say something ---

Davis himself was extremely clear, to the point of absurdity, as you will see.  He claimed heroism, and he claimed and had pictures taken to "prove" what he wore!

Davis had his picture taken in the EXACT clothes he wore, he said.

Davis even had "affidavits" signed by people there, that he was in his normal clothing.   


Davis had THIS picture taken
to "prove" exactly what he had on.


Varina came close to admitting it was her dress, but she said "dressing gown" and two other female garments.  She even wrote, essentially, well so what if he had on full women's attire, he did it because he so loved the South.

I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER

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Was Davis a coward?   Just because he ran away in his wife's dress?    No -- that was not cowardice. 

But, Davis history of urging others to fight even unto death, his berating his generals, and even the public, for not fighting hard enough, at any sacrifice.

His telling his wife, in front of others no less, to get herself killed. 


His claim that he was heroic, that he saved his children's lives.





According to Davis  ( an no one, not one person ever backed him up on this)  he was going to kill the first soldier to come near him. He reluctantly did not go down fighting, out of his "tender concern' for they welfare.

Hell, he was leaving them to the fate of soldiers rushing into camp, in the morning fog,  and told his wife to get herself killed! 


He didnt even want his wife "taken alive". 


Davis was nowhere near his children -- he clearly did not care enough about their life, to defend them. He was running away, while they were in danger. Shots were in the air, the Union soldiers mistook each other for confederates, and all hell had broken loose.


Davis protected absolutely no one, but himself.  And he would have been killed, but for his wife jumping in front of him.


Can you imagine Lincoln doing that?   Or Eisenhower?   Or Kennedy?  Or Teddy Roosevelt?



THAT WAS COWARDICE.




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Varina's letter has been in Library of Congress, since 1906.

The Blair children donated it.



THE GOLD

Another thing - the gold Davis took from Richmond, that was a "big deal" to Southerners at the time.   Davis stayed in Richmond for 8  hours, while he had gold gathered -- for  him.  Lee already left with most of the remaining soldiers (80% of the soldiers had deserted by this time)


Davis was not leaving, without the gold.

Problem is, some of the gold had been collected for medical supplies for the wounded.  Davis took that too.  

It was while waiting for that gold, that Davis told his wife to get  herself killed, if they were surrounded.  Apparently, Davis gave some of the gold to various people for guarding him-- the rest taken by the Union troops, when they went through all the belongings.  

The soldiers did admit going through the personal effects of everyone in the Davis entourage.  They denied taking any gold, but it's likely they did take what they found.

But Davis had met with, and separated from, others, before he reached the capture point.  It's possible he gave others some of the gold earlier - no one knows that for sure.

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            "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER"
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THESE ARE NOT THE LETTERS YOU HAVE BEEN LOOKING FOR


Shelby Foote --  the guy who hustled Ken Burns into absolving any Southern leader of any blame whatsoever in the "CIVIL WAR" video series -- was practically a Davis groupie.

So why do "historians" like McPherson and Shelby Foote pretend not to know this? They know it very well.


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There is a good reason "historians" pushing Davis as an honorable man, can't "go here".

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Davis capture was big news -- and contrary to what you may have been told, it was SOUTHERN newspaper in Macon that first mentioned Davis was captured in a dress.


DAVIS HISTORY
OF URGING DEATH OR VICTORY 




MACON SPEECH. 1864.

Davis even idiotically made up lies in his speeches, telling a crowd in Macon,  that women sent him letters offering their young sons for battle, after the older sons were killed.

Really -- Davis did that. See his Macon speech.

Davis also told the Macon crowd that 2/3 of his soldiers had deserted or gone AWOL.   Did you know that?


We aren't sure, maybe he doesnt want to piss off the SOuth.  But more likely, he cant pretend the Civil War was an "unfortunate unwillingness to compromise".   If he showed Davis as the guy paying for killing sprees, long before the Civil War, and as the guy promising war, if slavery was not spread, he can't have his bullshit narrative.

So he leaves that out.
  



DAVIS EVEN TOLD HER TO NOT LET CHILDREN BE CAPTURED
HAVE THEM KILL YOU 


Eye witnesses to the Davis telling his wife to go down fighting, make them kill you, said he included the children in those instructions.  No one in the family should be taken alive.

Varina left that part out of her book.

Whether he included his children in the instructions to not be taken alive,  he did tell his wife -- indisputably -- to get herself killed.


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DAVIS   GAME HE HAD TO PLAY 

Oh what a web we weave, when we first start to deceive

Davis had "some splaining" to do --  to his wife, and the public.  

A witness who came upon the scene about a half hour after the capture, said Davis mercilessly berated his wife, blaming her for their capture. 

Yes, he did.   She was silent and took his abuse - never mind that according to all  reports at the time,  but his own, she had just intervened to save him!   He had run away, told  her to get herself killed, left the children in danger, but one on one, he berated  her.


VARINA, DAVIS WIFE, AND NEPHEW
CONFIRMED UNION REPORTS DAVIS WORE A DRESS AND RAN AWAY
AS CHILDREN WERE IN DANGER>


DAVIS WIFE RAN IN FRONT OF HIM -- PER HER LETTER
TO SAVE HIS LIFE



DAVIS HAD THIS PICTURE TAKEN TO "PROVE" WHAT CLOTHES HE WORE
HE CLAIMED THEY WERE THE EXACT GARMENTS 


ARTIST DRAWING OF WHAT DAVIS LOOKED LIKE
FROM EYE WITNESS REPORTS

DRESS WAS UNDERNEATH  ALL.
ENTIRELY WOMEN'S GARMENTS, EXCEPT FOR BOOTS





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Shelby Foote, a Davis devotee, honored Jeff Davis as a brave man of principle -- never a word about Davis killing sprees in Kansas, never a word about Davis insistence blacks are inferior beings ordained by God to be punished, never a word about his war ultimatums to spread slavery.

And of course,  never a word about Davis cowardice. 

James McPherson, supposedly our leading historian on Lincoln and Davis, in a recent book, was more cowardly than Davis.  Davis had men looking for him, with guns, and if they had any excuse, they would have shot him dead.


But who will shoot McPherson for telling the truth?  McPherson's recent book on Davis could have been written, by Davis himself, entirely ommitting things like his killing sprees, his war ultimatums to spread slavery, his use of killers in Kansas from 1856 on. There is not two cents worth of difference, between how Davis explained things, than McPherson.



  By the way -- Ken Burns stupidly got Foote to be his narrator and main "historian" for his Civil War Documentary.     Big mistake, Ken.


This is not the only issue on which Southern "historians" have lied and misled people.  It's only the tip of the ice berg.  More about that in another time.







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TID BITS VIRGINA STILL HATES HER


Why some in the South -- SEEM to hate Varina, to this day.

One interesting thing I noticed while researching Varina Davis, was the loathing, just beneath the surface, for her by some in Virginia.

Keep in mind Varina was very loyal to Davis -- saved his life, protected him from everyone, and while she wrote that letter, she had no idea it would be saved and published.

Every thing she did --everything she said, in public, was like an obedient wife. Her two volume book on Davis is as flattering as it can be.

Yes, she wrote that letter to Blairs but even in it she tries to take the blame. And she told them to destroy the letter

See this article about Varina in "Encyclopedia Virginia" which essentially glorifies slave owners, specifically Davis, and Lee. But their tone and personal cruelty to Varina is amazing, given the supposed "academic" of their publication.

They claimed she was homely, and suggested she lured a lonely Davis into marriage. They claimed she was "manifestly ill suited" for first lady of the South because she lived in D.C for 15 years. Well she did, with Davis! She lived with JEFF DAVIS in DC.

And, they counted the years, they figured out the years. Then spun that -- very much like a dirty political campaign. And this is an "encyclopedia" It's clear this "encyclopedia" is still livid about their slave owners loss in the Civil War. For them to hate Varina -- who did nothing but dote and serve Davis like an obedient wife, and saved his life, his honor, is amazing.

Did they point out Robert E Lee's wife was homely? Of course not! But Varina was HOT, when young. And Davis got her very young, half his age. Yet by time these hackers get done with her, Davis is the victim, she is ugly. Why do that in an encyclopedia?





Varina as a very good looking woman, and defended the Davis and the South.

Her "physical appearance" was wrong, she had lived in the North! (She lived in the North with DAVIS as his wife, in DC!!)

But the way the above article spins it, they seem to hate her anyway. She was not attractive they said, and her "political loyalties" were "suspect from the beginning" said the article. Really? No, they were not.

Varina wrote to Northern relatives? Seriously, thats the charge against her. She wrote to Northern relatives.

That's what they said, and "spent years in the North". By North, they mean DC, and Davis lived there too, they threw that in there to make it seem like a horrible thing.

Whoever runs the Virginia Encyclopedia savaged Varina in this article -- almost like a gossip piece rather than an encyclopedia, or a smear political distorted commerical.

Her skin was considered "unattractive" they said!!

Even if she was unattractive (quite the reverse, she had great looking skin, and was young with big boobs, if you want to be blunt about it) why mention that? Because they hate her.

But she was a hottie, and Davis got her, because she was 17, he was 35.

To savage her on looks tells you all you need to know about that "encyclopedia". She was NOT homely.

If you want a homely woman, check out Robert E Lee's wife, meaning no disrespect. Of course they dare not imply she was homely, but she was. Why mention, in several ways, Varina was homely, why imply she was stupid or a money grabber? Because Varina exposed her husband inadvertently, and after the war made friends in the North, and once said the right side won the civil war.

They diss Varina's looks, and she was HOT. See any spin by these bastards?

The article claims she had "few marriage prospects". There is nothing to back that statement, Davis pursued her because she was attractive had those big tits, was 17 -- just 17, if you know what I mean, and yeah, we know what you mean, Davis did too.

She was young and impressionable. She saw him as an older guy, not as a suitor, until he chased her.

The article said her father was "unable to support his family". Bullshit, the writers of this hit piece just make shit up -- like anyone who honors men like Davis and Lee, you need to be able to make shit up.


This same "encyclopedia" does nothing but praise Davis and Robert E Lee, effusively, never mind how cowardly they were in private, nor how cruel they were as slave masters.

She "was not attractive" says the article -- she was HOT, with big boobs and big lips, and a hell of a figure.

But they claim Davis, one of the ugliest men in US history, was a "handsome man" Who writes this shit?

Varina did NOT "quickly fall in love with him" as the encyclopedia claims - she indicated to others that because of her youth, and his age, she did not even consider him a suitor. He was old enough to be her father -- and she was hot with big tits. He was ugly, but he was a great bullshitter.

But the writer of the article wanted you believe Varina just lusted after Davis. Bullshit.

Then the article claims Davis was too refined for her, and a hero -- Davis claims of heroism, we know what those are worth.


Really amazing to do that to the "First Lady" of the Confederacy, even if it were true, but what they said is false, and the bastards knew it.

Apparently they hate her because of her 20 page letter, and the fact that years later, she said the right side won the war.



The encylopedia refuses to consider her white! A very sly insult -- "some white Richmonders compared her to an Indian squaw" Yeah, the Richmonder who wrote the article.

What the hell are they talking about, her loyalties? She met Davis when she was 17 -- he was over twice her age. She had no loyalties, and she would spend every day of most of her life promoting Jeff Davis, serving him, saving him. She really existed, old school, for Davis.

Even the letter which rats Davis out, she is trying to protect him. She just wrote so much, so many details, that she essentially repudiated Davis own distortions --but that was not her intention. Had she known anyone other than the Blairs would read it, she would not have written it.


To throw that word "squaw" in there was not only false, it was malicious, and the writer at the Encyclopedia meant it to be.




So Davis sure enjoyed her and her skin.

Have you ever seen such an "Encyclopedia" article? I never have.

Read the full article, its really amazing.

They accuse -- as if its a crime -- her of writing to her family. She wrote her family That's right -- she wrote to her family, so that makes her unfit? Here is a clue, lot of people wrote their family -- people wrote letters all the time, but the way this encyclopedia portrays Varina, writing her family was an act of disloyalty. Very .

Varina could have easily written a tell all book about her husband years later -- she was nothing but flattering to and about him. Her letter was private, and even that tried to protect Davis.

Why bring up her looks at all? Robert E Lee has a homely as hell wife -- to be blunt --,but Varina was very good looking.. If a woman was not beautiful, why bring it up at all? This encyclopedia just enjoyed their digs at Varina.

Suppose Varina was homely? No, she wasn't -- but suppose she was. Why mention it? Because they hate her. Really, whoever wrote it, hates Varina. .



THE CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS


By

Julian G. Dickinson, Late Adjutant 4th Michigan Cavalry and Brevet Captain, USV

Original Member of the Michigan Commandery, Insignia Number 3751

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

Read January 8, 1889 (First Published 1899)



BELOW IS EXTRA STUFF WE ARE SAVING --- ignore


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Being questioned by Col. Pritchard, he stated there had been several mounted men to the house ring the afternoon, from a camp near the village, to purchase forage and provisions, and the camp lay about a mile and a half out on the Abbeville road. Placing the freedman in advance for guide, and directing the utmost silence to be preserved in the column, we moved out on the Abbeville road. The night was rather dark, but clear and very quiet. We marched the distance of about a mile when we halted and made the necessary arrangements for the capture of the camp when light was deemed sufficient to enable us to discern its situation.



A detail of 25 men, under command of Lieut. Purinton, was sent to make a circuit of the camp and get into position on the road beyond, to station pickets, and take precautions for preventing the escape of the occupants in that direction, awaiting our advance and capture of the camp.



We rested until the first appearance of the dawn of the morning of the 10th. The order was then quietly given to mount, and placing a small force under command of Capt. Charles T. Hudson, as an advance guard, with directions to charge forward upon the camp, our column moved in support. The charge was uninterrupted by any picket of camp guards, and we speedily entered and enveloped the camp by a surprise so complete that no one seemed to have been disturbed.



The advance guard moved directly and quickly through the camp toward Lieut. Purinton's picket. Our main column halted for a minute in the road before entering the camp. On the right of the road, in line, facing a clearing or parade, stood three wall tents; beyond the clearing there was, what appeared to me to be, a swampy thicket; on our left, in the woods, at some distance from the road, was a miscellaneous collection of tents and ambulances. The extent of the camp could not, however, be distinctly seen from our position.



At this moment some of our men appeared to be straggling from the column and Col. Pritchard directed my attention to it and to the care of the camp, and as he moved forward with the column through the camp, I rode out and took a position by the roadside until the column passed me. I then rode across the parade, in front of the wall tents, on the right of the road. I saw no one about the tents and there was nothing indicating who occupied them, until, as I passed the tents d started to move into the road beyond, I saw a man partially dressed, emerging from a "shelter-tent." I at once rode up to him and inquired what force was there in camp. He looked at me seemingly bewildered. Not hearing him reply to me, I repeated the question, and while lingering for a response, I was suddenly startled by a familiar voice calling.



I turned and saw Andrew Bee, our "headquarters cook," who was standing close to the front of one of the wall tents and pointing to three persons in female attire, who, arm in arm, were moving rapidly across the clearing towards the thicket. Andrew called to me, "Adjutant, there goes a man dressed in woman's clothes."



The person indicated was quite apparent, and I rode at once toward the party, ordering them to halt, repeating the order rapidly, they seeming not to hear, or not inclined to obey, until I rode directly across their pathway, when they halted. At that moment Corporal Munger, of Company C, came riding up from the thicket, and taking a stand in the rear of the party brought his carbine to a position for firing upon the man dressed in woman's clothes, at the same time applying to him an appellation that was in vogue among the troopers as a designation of "Jeff. Davis." I ordered the corporal not to fire, there being no perceptible resistance.



The person in disguise was Jefferson Davis, and his companions were Mrs. Davis and her colored waiting maid. The scene thus presented was rendered pathetic by the cries of Davis' family at the tents and by the heroic conduct of Mrs. Davis, who placed her arms around the drooping head of her husband, as if to protect him from threatened peril; she mad no other appeal to us.



Davis had on for disguise a black shawl drawn closely around his head and shoulders, through the folds of which I could see his gray hairs. He wore on his person a woman's long, black dress, which completely concealed his figure, excepting his spurred boot heels. The dress was undoubtedly Mrs. Davis' traveling dress, which she afterwards wore on her return march to Macon. At the time of the capture she was attired in her morning gown and a black shawl covering her head and stately form, while her waiting maid was completely attired in black.



Glancing from this party before me, and around the position, I was startled by the presence of several rebel officers who in the meantime quietly came upon the scene. The positions they had taken clearly indicated they were interested in the movement of their chief. I ordered Davis and his party to retire to their tents and then moved toward the rebel officers in question, requesting them to also retire. I was promptly obeyed.



I directed Corporal Munger to guard Mr. Davis and his party in their tents, and to take two men who came up with him for that purpose. I then rode forward to report to Col. Pritchard the episode that had taken place. In the meantime spirited firing had commenced, and the usual evidences of an engagement with an enemy appeared in the direction our column had advanced.



As I passed Davis' tent, in going to the front, Mrs. Davis called to me, and I dismounted to hear her request. She asked what we were going to do with Mr. Davis and whether herself and family would be permitted to go along with him. I informed her that I could not tell what would be done with any of them until I had reported to my commanding officer. She then very earnestly said that we must not interfere with Mr. Davis as he was a very desperate man and would hurt some of us. She further requested that I would see to certain things that she had in th wagon, and I promised to attend to that



As I moved into the road I met one of our officers from the front with something from the wagon, in the shape of a canteen of most excellent fluid, of which he freely offered me a share. I mete Col. Pritchard just returning from an unfortunate conflict with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, that regiment having come upon our pickets and mistaking them for an enemy, retired and formed for a battle, which forced our column to form in line and skirmish with them, in the belief that we had met a force of the enemy. Col. Pritchard brought the engagement to a close by dashing into the lines of the 1st Wisconsin and notifying them of the mistake.



The fact was that the 1st Wisconsin and the 4th Michigan expected to find a desperate force of the enemy; the 1st Wisconsin, however, was marching without any knowledge of the locality of the camp, and without any expectation of finding it at that time, having been in bivouac most of the night, a few miles from our picket.



I reported to Col. Pritchard the capture of Jeff. Davis in his attempt to escape from the camp in female attire, and that I had put him under guard. In the meantime Mr. Davis put on his male attire - a suit of gray - and came out of his tent. When he saw Col. Pritchard he shouted out some inquiry, which he followed up with the old familiar charge, "You are vandals, thieves and robbers." He evidently had worked himself into a rage, for when I went to him soon after, getting the names of the prisoners, he refused my request for his name, and I was obliged to receive it from his wife, who spoke up proudly, in answer to my repeated question, "his name is Jefferson Davis, sir."



The captured party consisted of Jefferson Davis, accompanied by Mrs. Davis and their three children; John H. Reagan, Postmaster General; Col. Johnston, A.D.C.; Col. Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary, and Col. F.R. Lubbock, A.D.C., of Jeff. Davis' staff; Major V.R. Maurin, of the Richmond Battery of Light Artillery; Capt. George V. Moody, Mollison's Light Artillery; Lieut. Hathaway, 14th Ky. Infantry; privates W.W. Monroe and F. Messick, 14th Ky.; privates Sanders, Ingraham, Wilbury, Baker, Smith, Heath and Alliston, of the 2d Ky. Cavalry; privates J.H. Taylor and A.W. Brady, Co. E. 15th Miss., private J.W. Furley, 13th Tenn., all of the late Confederate States army, and midshipman Howell of the Confederate navy, Miss Howell, a sister of Mrs. Davis, accompanied her. There were two colored women and one colored man, servants of the Davis family. Of the three children of Mr. Davis' family, the youngest was a babe and quite a favorite in our command (once on the march I saw it handed along the line); the oldest child was a little girl about ten years of age, and the other child was a boy of about seven or eight years. There was also with the party a little colored lad about the same age as young Davis, and the two created considerable amusement for us by their wrestling exercises. Burton N. Harrison, the Private Secretary, was the gentleman of whom I sought so diligently to elicit information immediately preceding the capture.



There was not the slightest show of any resistance on the part of any of the captured party, and they were all kindly treated by their captors. That their wagons and tents were searched thoroughly, I have no doubt. Lieut. James Vernor obtained a trophy of Davis' wardrobe, a dressing gown, which he exhibits, but whether Davis wore it as part of his garments at the capture is not known. It might possibly have been worn under his disguise.



Their horses were all taken by our men and considerable sums of money in gold were captured. The gold was taken, as I understood from Col. Johnston at the time, in the holsters of the rebel officers, where it had been carried for safety and convenience. Who captured the gold is somewhat of a mystery to this day. At the camp, immediately after the capture, Col. Pritchard was informed that one of our men, a Tennessean named James H. Lynch, was possessed of most of the coin and the Colonel searched him but found none of the gold; afterwards it is well known that Lynch distributed several pieces of gold coin among his companions and gave a few pieces to some of his officers. It is certain that the coin was never equally distributed.



In preparing for the return march their horses were all returned to the prisoners, and Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family were allowed the use of the ambulances, which they occupied most of the time on our return march.



On the 12th of May, returning, we met Major Robert Burns, A.A.G. of Minty's staff, from headquarters at Macon, who brought to us President Johnson's proclamation, offering rewards for the capture of Jeff. Davis and other fugitives. The proclamation was the first intelligence we received of the assassination of our President, Abraham Lincoln, and of the reward. I have now in my possession the copy of the proclamation which was handed to me at that time. It was issued on the 2d day of May, 1865, was published to the Cavalry Corps, M.D.M. at Macon, on the 8th day of May, 1865, and reached our command, as I have said, on the 12th day of May. Mr. Davis was securely guarded during our return march. Perhaps his guard was more strict than it would have been had he not given notice that he would make his escape if possible.



Before reaching Macon, Col. Pritchard received orders to make a detail form his regiment in readiness to take his prisoners to Washington, and after we reached camp, he proceeded upon that service and conveyed Jeff. Davis to Fortress Monroe.



The Secretary of War directed Col. Pritchard at Washington to obtain the disguise worn by Jeff. Davis at his capture, and Captain Charles T. Hudson undertook to procure it from Mrs. Davis. In his account of the affair, Capt. Hudson has related in a letter to Major-General J.H. Wilson, that Mrs. Davis stated to him that she attired Mr. Davis in her own dress, and she surrendered a certain garment which Col. Pritchard afterward described in his report to the Secretary of War as a "waterproof cloak or dress." Though I did not examine the texture of the dress worn by Davis at the capture, and cannot say whether it was waterproof or not, it was beyond all question a "woman's dress," and precisely like the dress usually worn by Mrs. Davis after the capture during our march back to Macon. I am very sure that not any gentleman's garment that could be described as a waterproof cloak was found or seen in the possession of Davis at his capture, or while on the march to Macon.



Burton N. Harrison, Jeff. Davis' Private Secretary, in his paper in "The Century," November, 1886, on this subject, states that Davis was not disguised at all, and that he wore a waterproof cloak which he usually wore on the march; and by further statement seeks to discredit other witnesses present at the capture, by assuring the public only one of our troopers was present there, the one who accosted him, and that he and Mrs. Davis and that one trooper, were the only persons who saw Davis at his capture; when the fact is, that while Davis was standing in his disguise in my presence, three of our troopers saw him, besides Andrew Bee, who pointed to Davis as "a man dressed in woman's clothes;" and there was present not more than two rods from the disguised figure, Capt. Moody and within about four rods from him, Col. Lubbock and other Confederate Army officers, who doubtless saw what took place.



My record of the event was made at the time in the line of my duty, and I then correctly and officially reported the fact of his disguise to my commanding officers.