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What did Jeff Davis wife say about his cowardice?

Plenty



Davis "creepy cowardice" revealed by his wife  - in her letter and book.   

Most people never heard that "supposedly"  Jeff Davis was captured wearing his wife's dress. 

But it turns out Jeff Davis own wife, and nephew, wrote things at the time, that not only show Davis wore a dress, but that much more went on.  Davis ran like a coward,leaving his wife and children in danger -- after he told his wife (in public) to get herself killed.

This is the story of what happened -- using his wife's letter and nephew's journal as the basis.   Union soldiers wrote their own reports, which showed much the same thing as his wife's letter and nephew's journal.

But Jeff Davis own wife wrote in more detail -- in her book and in her letter to Francis Blair --that show Davis in an even more cowardly light.  Varina had no intention of defaming her husband, in fact, she was trying to spare him embarrassment.  But the details which she relates show not just Davis cowardice, but obliterate any notion that Jeff Davis was a man of honor or principle.

Davis would claim he was heroic and saved his children -- saved them by resisting his desire to kill the first soldiers that approached him, and go down fighting, as he told his wife (and many others) to do.

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And he left his children in danger as soldiers were shooting near the children


Per his wife's book......





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And yes, Davis "scholars" know all about it, but sure as hell dance around it, and make sure you don't know. 

Davis had a long and bizarre history of urging others to fight -- urging Lee to invade the North, urging to point of firing Joe Johnston when Johnston would not attack a much stronger Sherman.

Davis even boasted in public if he were ever surrounded, wh would go down fighting -- and told his wife to do the same.  It was theater, he said this in front of about 50 people in Richmond.   If a Davis were taken alive, it would "bring shame upon the South".

But when he was caught in Georgia, he not only did not fight anyone, he put on his wife's dress, and ran away, leaving her and the children in danger. Yes, he did.

And it was worse. His wife (per her own letter and verified by Union reports) saved Davis, she ran to him, put her arms around him, and dared the soldiers to shoot her -- Varina!  She reveals this in her letter.





WIFE'S LETTER.....
one week after capture 




The authenticity of her letter and book are not in doubt.  No one claims she didn't write them.   Southern apologist wish she had not revealed this much.A cowardly and profoundly unprincipled man at the end, does not at all fit the romantic and false narrative commonly used for Southern leaders. 


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Per his nephew's journal.

Davis nephew, who was also there, admitted Davis ran away, dressed as female, in his private journal, and apologized for his role in it.





Yet Jeff Davis himself would for the rest of his life  try to convince others he was brave that day.

Not so much.

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The oft repeated excuse is that Davis had on his wife's "Ratigan" by mistake.  And that Northern newspapers exaggerated that to slander such a noble brave man.

Nonsense

 First of all, Southern reporters first put up the story about Davis in a dress.  You won't ever hear that from Davis apologists.

Second, Davis never claimed he had on a Ratigan. Quite the opposite.  Why would his defenders not use Davis own statements that he had on his very manly clothing.

Davis insisted, and tried to prove, that he had on his normal manly (and very fashionable) clothing, by actually publishing his picture in the clothes he claimed to wear. 

This is that picture.


So why would Southern and Davis apologist try to push an excuse Davis himself never used?

Well, they gotta say something. 
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No one should be surprised that "history" is mostly bullshit, and the history of Southern leaders is no exception.




My name is Mark Curran.

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HOW WOULD I KNOW?


I'm a wanna be screenwriter, and avid reader.

For several years I read, several  hours a day,  Southern newspapers, Southern documents, Southern speeches, Southern books,  1845-1861 for a screenplay I wrote.  I also read books about those documents. 

I kept finding astonishing shit -- like Southern War Ultimatums,  Southern leaders bragging about killing to spread slavery.  And information about things like Lee's torture of slave girls, purchase of free women from the North, from bounty hunters.

I stumbled, in that reading, upon information about Jeff Davis cowardice.  I was sure it could not be true, so silly. Jeff Davis in a dress?  There is no way.  A man of honor would never do that.

A man of honor would never tell his wife to get herself killed, to go down fighting, then run away in her dress.

And that's true, a man of honor would not do that.

Most men ever born would not do that.  You would never do it, I would never do it.

But Jefferson Davis did -- and it was not the first time Davis was the coward, and yet blamed to be heroic. 


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 Davis not only ran away in a dress -- he left his children and wife in danger.  Let that sink in.   Not sorta left them in danger, not kinda. Not in a way.

The bullets started to fly -- and Davis ran.  

He had always told people he was the hero of the Mexican War too. It's possible (though his wife was not there and did not write a letter about it) that Davis had always concocted tales of his heroism.    





If not for his wife's letter, his nephew's journal, Davis could get away with this cowardice, and for 150 years, he did.  But it's time to tell the truth about Jeff Davis, per original documents.

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REPEATING MYTHS

DO NOT MAKE THEM TRUE.



Most people today -- even "historians" - have acted as if the "dress story"  (like the stories of Lee's torture of slave girls, and and purchase of women kidnapped in the North)  as so contrary to the accepted version, that it's silly and not worth mentioning. 

If Varina had not written her letter, and her book, and had Davis nephew not written his journal, Davis would have gotten away with it.  You can dismiss the Union soldier's reports if you want -- and notice, the "historians" who may even mention Davis "dress story" do not tell you even about the Union soldier's reports.

The soldiers did write reports, and of course reported he wore a dress and was running away. They also show that Varina did protect Davis, jump in front of him, just as she herself wrote.   They also mentioned that Davis was allowed to get back in his man clothes, and that (you can't make this up) Varina emerged from the tent, where she and a slave helped Davis change clothes, wearing the dress Davis had just taken off.

She put that dress on -- almost certainly -- so the soldiers would not take it as a souvenir. 
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DOES NOT MATTER WHAT HE WORE

BUT HE WORE HER DRESS 

In dozens of Davis biographies, or books about the Confederacy, they do not even mention the "story"  or dismiss it flippantly, as an already debunked myth and slander by  Northern papers.

No. In fact, a Macon Georgia reporter was the first to report it, on the telegraph.  And North Carolina papers ran the story of Davis in a dress.

Yes, Davis most certainly did have on three layers of female clothing  (certainly not just one errant "ratigan" as some claimed). Three layers of female clothing, including a neck to ankle "dressing gown"  as Varina termed it, being reluctant to tell the Blair's bluntly that it was her dress.
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IT WAS NOT JUST HER LETTER

IT WAS NOT JUST HER BOOK



Davis ran from the tent immediately, upon hearing the shots nearby.

To do that, in the dress,  Davis would have needed to actually sleep in that dress  for him too quickly exit his tent and run for horses he had tied up some distance off.   It had to have been planned.

You don't throw on three layers (yes, three layers) of female clothing like you throw on a jacket.   Varina wrote about three different female garments -- one a full length "dressing gown" as she called it. 

He would have barely had time to put on his boots and spurs- - the boots and spurs gave him away.   The soldier that actually first spotted the odd person running away, is that they had on men's spurts -- very fancy spurs.  Women did not wear spurs, especially very manly spurs like Davis wore (see the picture of his spurs).
  .

Davis had this picture taken, above
to "prove" what he wore.

Look like three layers of female clothing to you? 





Davis revolver and spurs.

The fancy boots and spurs gave him away.
Women did not wear spurs.

Dressing as a woman was actually a smart idea 

 Dressing as a woman was actually a smart idea -- the Union patrols had a 100,000 dollar reward waiting for them, if they found him.   It might have been the biggest manhunt in US history.   

As a woman, sitting in a wagon with other women, Davis had a reasonable chance of passing through a checkpoint.  
" I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER"

"..... he told me to force the enemy to kill me" 






I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER


Not only did Jefferson Davis  run away in her dress, in her book Varina tells that Davis told her to get herself killed.







Davis running away in three layers of female clothing




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RESPECTED VARINA



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LONG HISTORY OF CLAIMING BRAVERY

 To understand how amazing Davis cowardice really was, you have to understand how Davis urged others to fight, even to the death.   He fired generals that would not attack, and replaced them with generals that would. 

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 This information has been readily  available since 1906. 


 For 110 years, this is public information, incontrovertible, and not in doubt, whatsoever. No one claims it's not her letter. No one claims it's not her book. 
'
His wife's letter went into the library of Congress, donated by the Blair children, shortly after her death.

According to one historian, Davis was "obsessed" for the rest of his life to disprove that he wore a dress.   Bet you did not know that.

Why be "obsessed"?   If he wore only his normal clothing, and was bravely defending his children,  why give a shit?

"He wore no disguise, attempted no subterfuge.."

Still, Varina, in her letter, did write oddly that,  Davis "wore no disguise.. he attempted no subterfuge".   If "historians" like Shelby Foote even mention Varina's words, they do not point you to her full letter, they tell you that part.  But then, in her letter, Varina spent several paragraphs describing the disguise, and of course, revealed that he had run away, and she protected him.

Funny how Foote (and others)  forget to mention that.

She was not "outting" Davis as coward.  

She was trying to save Davis from the newspaper reports of his cowardice, by spinning it as much as possible.  She never did admit it was her dress, in writing.  She came close, calling it three layers of clothing -- all female clothing.  

It seems Varina was trying to pull the blame to her, not Davis, for his female disguise, in the letter.

She even wrote to the effect that 'well so what if Davis had on full women's attire'  he did it for the South, who he loved.  And she wrote it was "of no cavil" -- cavil a word in use at the time meaning, "big deal".    It was no big deal if he had put on a dress, he did it for the South, is her apparent point. 


Varina was NOT about to write bluntly "Yes he wore my dress, my head coverings, and my shawl".  She was not about to call him a coward.  
Varina told the Blairs, in the letter itself, to destroy the letter, or it might be used to "embarrass" him.

Obviously, they did not destroy the letter, and fifty three years later, the Blair children, by then older adults, donated not just that letter, but hundreds of memorabilia from the Blair family, to the Library of Congress.

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UNION REPORT OF DAVIS TAKING DRESS OFF
VARINA EMERGED FROM TENT WITH THAT DRESS ON


This is from the report to the Secretary of War, by  Col Pritchard, who was there at the capture, and was there after Davis took the dress off, and his wife put it in (in a tent).




But Varina had something against outright lying.  She would be clever, but not lie for Davis.







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See his wife's own book, quoting her husband.  

BLACKS ARE LUCKY TO BE SLAVES




Did you ever heard of Davis claim slavery was a kindness?

No.  

Did you ever hear he bought beautiful boys?

No.

Did you ever hear other Southern leaders had slave girls tortured, too, and defended it as a Godly directive, intended by God?

No. 

 Yet these are the things Southern leaders -- including Lee and Davis, actually wrote, and did. 


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Take a minute.  Do you know anyone who told their wife to get herself killed?

Do you know anyone who left his wife and children, ran away in a dress, but later claimed to be heroic?

No, you know no such human being.  

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PRIVATE LETTERS
DONATED AFTER HER DEATH

Varina told the Blairs -- in the letter itself -- to destroy it, or it would be used to "embarrass" Davis.

But 50 years later, after Varina died, after Davis died, the Blair children donated boxes of papers to the Library of Congress.

This was just one letter.  

The Blair children were essentially bragging that their parents, since the time of George Washington, through the CIvil War,  and up to the 20th century, were BFD in politics. And they were!

One of the Blair children, even spoke on the occasion of giving the letters to Library of Congress.    They had always known Davis wore a dress, it was an open secret in their conversations.    



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Here is what Davis said he wore -- and he went to the amazing length of having his picture taken later, with the very clothes he claimed to have on -- not similar clothes, these are the clothes he specifically said he had on. Exactly.



THIS IS THE PICTURE DAVIS HAD TAKEN
TO "PROVE" WHAT HE WORE.


Not a waterproof cloak, as some Davis apologist said.

But a woman's dress.

Davis never claimed he had on a waterproof cloak. Davis always insisted he wore his normal clothing.

There are all kinds of variations of excuses for Davis.   But his wife, his nephew, and the Union reports are all so closely alike, written at the time, that is the best evidence.

Overlapping evidence.

And remember, Davis wife, and nephew, were doing all they could to SPARE Davis shame, not humiliate him.
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 Davis -- of his own volition, his own idea -- had this picture taken to prove exactly what he wore that day.

 He was very clear, these are the clothes, not similar clothes,  he had on, when captured. Remember that.

Of course Davis would have no way to know, Varina already let the cat out of the bag, re the clothes. She had already admitted he had on three layers of female attire-- though she tried to parse words.

Strange indeed, the Union soldiers, and Davis nephew, both reported he had on female clothes.   Matter of factly,  with only two sentences, the Union reports were that he had on a dress, and when allowed to change, his wife emerged from the tent, wearing that dress!

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You can't make this up.  Davis wife emerged from the tent, after Davis changed, with that dress on, no doubt to keep the soldiers from taking it as a souvenir. 
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 Remember that if your history teacher smugly tells you this was all a "newspaper" thing.

From North Carolina paper...


This North Carolina paper has Varina and Davis in the the tent, at same time, before capture.  According to this report, Varina was next to Davis,  as they emerged from the tent, both trying to convince the soldiers Davis was her mother.

Varina's letter reveals slightly different -- that Davis was running away -- and she went to him, and held him, keeping the soldiers from shooting him!  Varina's own letter is the best evidence, of course.   By the time the rumor mill got to the North Carolina paper, things got distorted, but still reported he wore his wife's dress.

The newspaper had it slightly wrong -- that Davis was in the tent.   Varina's letter, which would be much more reliable, has Davis running, which matches the soldier's reports.

The point is - even Southern newspapers showed Davis was in a DRESS.  


This bit of comedy was in a North Carolina paper, too. 




TID  BITS VIRGINIA STILL HATES VARINA 


Why some in the South -- SEEM to hate Varina, to this day.


One interesting thing I noticed while researching Varina Davis, was the loathing, just beneath the surface, for her by some in Virginia.


Keep in mind Varina was very loyal to Davis -- saved his life, protected him from everyone, and while she wrote that letter, she had no idea it would be saved and published.



Every thing she did --everything she said, in public, was like an obedient wife. Her two volume book on Davis is as flattering as it could possible be.



Yes, she wrote that letter to Blairs but even in it she tries to take the blame. And she told them to destroy the letter


See this article about Varina in "Encyclopedia Virginia" which essentially glorifies slave owners, specifically Davis, and Lee. But their tone and personal cruelty to Varina is amazing, given the supposed "academic" of their publication.





They claimed she was homely, and suggested she lured a lonely Davis into marriage. They claimed she was "manifestly ill suited" for first lady of the South because she lived in the North!


Actually Varina was HOT.  She was, to be blunt, stacked. And she was young, and Davis was over twice her age.  He ruled over her, she did what he said. Period. 


Later in life, after the war, after she was in Washington, the civil war done, she said she was happy and "the right side won the civil war. 


  That apparently infuriated the encyclopedia of Virginia!


Well she did live in the North -- with Davis! She lived with JEFF DAVIS in DC.

For them to hate Varina -- who did nothing but dote and serve Davis like an obedient wife, and saved his life, his honor, is amazing.


 Yet by time these hackers get done with her,  in an encyclopedia no less, Davis is the victim, she is ugly. Why do that in an encyclopedia? It's not true, but even if it were, why trash her in an encylopedia?

These folks in VA  who adore Davis and Lee, are still haters and liars, yes, they are.




Not only was she homely, her "political loyalties" were "suspect from the beginning," said the article. Really? No, they were not.


As if it was horrible to be against Southern killing sprees, torture of slaves, sale of children.  But Varina was not anti slavery in the least, and was docile and obedient as hell. 


Varina wrote to Northern relatives? Seriously, thats the charge against her. She wrote to Northern relatives.


"Spent years in the North". By North, they mean DC, and Davis lived there too,  she went there WITH DAVIS.


Whoever runs the Virginia Encyclopedia savaged Varina in this article -- almost like a gossip piece rather than an encyclopedia, or a smear political distorted commerical.


Her skin was considered "unattractive" they said!


No she had very sensual skin -- a little bit darker than pale white, she was of Native American heritage. She looked rather Italian, a bit of Sophia Loren, likely, when younger. Body to die for, and obedient as a slave, to Davis.


Even if she was unattractive  why mention that? Because they hate her.



The article said her father was "unable to support his family". What evidence do they have?   Who the hell puts this kind of hachet job, in an encyclopedia?





Really amazing to do that to the "First Lady" of the Confederacy, even if it were true, but what they said is false, and the bastards knew it.

THE CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS


By


Julian G. Dickinson, Late Adjutant 4th Michigan Cavalry and Brevet Captain, USV


Original Member of the Michigan Commandery, Insignia Number 3751


Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States


Read January 8, 1889 (First Published 1899)




BELOW IS EXTRA STUFF WE ARE SAVING --- ignore



...........................................


Being questioned by Col. Pritchard, he stated there had been several mounted men to the house ring the afternoon, from a camp near the village, to purchase forage and provisions, and the camp lay about a mile and a half out on the Abbeville road. Placing the freedman in advance for guide, and directing the utmost silence to be preserved in the column, we moved out on the Abbeville road. The night was rather dark, but clear and very quiet. We marched the distance of about a mile when we halted and made the necessary arrangements for the capture of the camp when light was deemed sufficient to enable us to discern its situation.




A detail of 25 men, under command of Lieut. Purinton, was sent to make a circuit of the camp and get into position on the road beyond, to station pickets, and take precautions for preventing the escape of the occupants in that direction, awaiting our advance and capture of the camp.




We rested until the first appearance of the dawn of the morning of the 10th. The order was then quietly given to mount, and placing a small force under command of Capt. Charles T. Hudson, as an advance guard, with directions to charge forward upon the camp, our column moved in support. The charge was uninterrupted by any picket of camp guards, and we speedily entered and enveloped the camp by a surprise so complete that no one seemed to have been disturbed.




The advance guard moved directly and quickly through the camp toward Lieut. Purinton's picket. Our main column halted for a minute in the road before entering the camp. On the right of the road, in line, facing a clearing or parade, stood three wall tents; beyond the clearing there was, what appeared to me to be, a swampy thicket; on our left, in the woods, at some distance from the road, was a miscellaneous collection of tents and ambulances. The extent of the camp could not, however, be distinctly seen from our position.




At this moment some of our men appeared to be straggling from the column and Col. Pritchard directed my attention to it and to the care of the camp, and as he moved forward with the column through the camp, I rode out and took a position by the roadside until the column passed me. I then rode across the parade, in front of the wall tents, on the right of the road. I saw no one about the tents and there was nothing indicating who occupied them, until, as I passed the tents d started to move into the road beyond, I saw a man partially dressed, emerging from a "shelter-tent." I at once rode up to him and inquired what force was there in camp. He looked at me seemingly bewildered. Not hearing him reply to me, I repeated the question, and while lingering for a response, I was suddenly startled by a familiar voice calling.




I turned and saw Andrew Bee, our "headquarters cook," who was standing close to the front of one of the wall tents and pointing to three persons in female attire, who, arm in arm, were moving rapidly across the clearing towards the thicket. Andrew called to me, "Adjutant, there goes a man dressed in woman's clothes."




The person indicated was quite apparent, and I rode at once toward the party, ordering them to halt, repeating the order rapidly, they seeming not to hear, or not inclined to obey, until I rode directly across their pathway, when they halted. At that moment Corporal Munger, of Company C, came riding up from the thicket, and taking a stand in the rear of the party brought his carbine to a position for firing upon the man dressed in woman's clothes, at the same time applying to him an appellation that was in vogue among the troopers as a designation of "Jeff. Davis." I ordered the corporal not to fire, there being no perceptible resistance.




The person in disguise was Jefferson Davis, and his companions were Mrs. Davis and her colored waiting maid. The scene thus presented was rendered pathetic by the cries of Davis' family at the tents and by the heroic conduct of Mrs. Davis, who placed her arms around the drooping head of her husband, as if to protect him from threatened peril; she made no other appeal to us.




Davis had on for disguise a black shawl drawn closely around his head and shoulders, through the folds of which I could see his gray hairs. He wore on his person a woman's long, black dress, which completely concealed his figure, excepting his spurred boot heels. The dress was undoubtedly Mrs. Davis' traveling dress, which she afterwards wore on her return march to Macon. At the time of the capture she was attired in her morning gown and a black shawl covering her head and stately form, while her waiting maid was completely attired in black.




Glancing from this party before me, and around the position, I was startled by the presence of several rebel officers who in the meantime quietly came upon the scene. The positions they had taken clearly indicated they were interested in the movement of their chief. I ordered Davis and his party to retire to their tents and then moved toward the rebel officers in question, requesting them to also retire. I was promptly obeyed.




I directed Corporal Munger to guard Mr. Davis and his party in their tents, and to take two men who came up with him for that purpose. I then rode forward to report to Col. Pritchard the episode that had taken place. In the meantime spirited firing had commenced, and the usual evidences of an engagement with an enemy appeared in the direction our column had advanced.




As I passed Davis' tent, in going to the front, Mrs. Davis called to me, and I dismounted to hear her request. She asked what we were going to do with Mr. Davis and whether herself and family would be permitted to go along with him. I informed her that I could not tell what would be done with any of them until I had reported to my commanding officer. She then very earnestly said that we must not interfere with Mr. Davis as he was a very desperate man and would hurt some of us. She further requested that I would see to certain things that she had in the wagon, and I promised to attend to that




As I moved into the road I met one of our officers from the front with something from the wagon, in the shape of a canteen of most excellent fluid, of which he freely offered me a share. I mete Col. Pritchard just returning from an unfortunate conflict with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, that regiment having come upon our pickets and mistaking them for an enemy, retired and formed for a battle, which forced our column to form in line and skirmish with them, in the belief that we had met a force of the enemy. Col. Pritchard brought the engagement to a close by dashing into the lines of the 1st Wisconsin and notifying them of the mistake.




The fact was that the 1st Wisconsin and the 4th Michigan expected to find a desperate force of the enemy; the 1st Wisconsin, however, was marching without any knowledge of the locality of the camp, and without any expectation of finding it at that time, having been in bivouac most of the night, a few miles from our picket.




I reported to Col. Pritchard the capture of Jeff. Davis in his attempt to escape from the camp in female attire, and that I had put him under guard. In the meantime Mr. Davis put on his male attire - a suit of gray - and came out of his tent. When he saw Col. Pritchard he shouted out some inquiry, which he followed up with the old familiar charge, "You are vandals, thieves and robbers." He evidently had worked himself into a rage, for when I went to him soon after, getting the names of the prisoners, he refused my request for his name, and I was obliged to receive it from his wife, who spoke up proudly, in answer to my repeated question, "his name is Jefferson Davis, sir."




The captured party consisted of Jefferson Davis, accompanied by Mrs. Davis and their three children; John H. Reagan, Postmaster General; Col. Johnston, A.D.C.; Col. Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary, and Col. F.R. Lubbock, A.D.C., of Jeff. Davis' staff; Major V.R. Maurin, of the Richmond Battery of Light Artillery; Capt. George V. Moody, Mollison's Light Artillery; Lieut. Hathaway, 14th Ky. Infantry; privates W.W. Monroe and F. Messick, 14th Ky.; privates Sanders, Ingraham, Wilbury, Baker, Smith, Heath and Alliston, of the 2d Ky. Cavalry; privates J.H. Taylor and A.W. Brady, Co. E. 15th Miss., private J.W. Furley, 13th Tenn., all of the late Confederate States army, and midshipman Howell of the Confederate navy, Miss Howell, a sister of Mrs. Davis, accompanied her. There were two colored women and one colored man, servants of the Davis family. Of the three children of Mr. Davis' family, the youngest was a babe and quite a favorite in our command (once on the march I saw it handed along the line); the oldest child was a little girl about ten years of age, and the other child was a boy of about seven or eight years. There was also with the party a little colored lad about the same age as young Davis, and the two created considerable amusement for us by their wrestling exercises. Burton N. Harrison, the Private Secretary, was the gentleman of whom I sought so diligently to elicit information immediately preceding the capture.




There was not the slightest show of any resistance on the part of any of the captured party, and they were all kindly treated by their captors. That their wagons and tents were searched thoroughly, I have no doubt. Lieut. James Vernor obtained a trophy of Davis' wardrobe, a dressing gown, which he exhibits, but whether Davis wore it as part of his garments at the capture is not known. It might possibly have been worn under his disguise.




Their horses were all taken by our men and considerable sums of money in gold were captured. The gold was taken, as I understood from Col. Johnston at the time, in the holsters of the rebel officers, where it had been carried for safety and convenience. Who captured the gold is somewhat of a mystery to this day. At the camp, immediately after the capture, Col. Pritchard was informed that one of our men, a Tennessean named James H. Lynch, was possessed of most of the coin and the Colonel searched him but found none of the gold; afterwards it is well known that Lynch distributed several pieces of gold coin among his companions and gave a few pieces to some of his officers. It is certain that the coin was never equally distributed.




In preparing for the return march their horses were all returned to the prisoners, and Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family were allowed the use of the ambulances, which they occupied most of the time on our return march.




On the 12th of May, returning, we met Major Robert Burns, A.A.G. of Minty's staff, from headquarters at Macon, who brought to us President Johnson's proclamation, offering rewards for the capture of Jeff. Davis and other fugitives. The proclamation was the first intelligence we received of the assassination of our President, Abraham Lincoln, and of the reward. I have now in my possession the copy of the proclamation which was handed to me at that time. It was issued on the 2d day of May, 1865, was published to the Cavalry Corps, M.D.M. at Macon, on the 8th day of May, 1865, and reached our command, as I have said, on the 12th day of May. Mr. Davis was securely guarded during our return march. Perhaps his guard was more strict than it would have been had he not given notice that he would make his escape if possible.




Before reaching Macon, Col. Pritchard received orders to make a detail form his regiment in readiness to take his prisoners to Washington, and after we reached camp, he proceeded upon that service and conveyed Jeff. Davis to Fortress Monroe.




The Secretary of War directed Col. Pritchard at Washington to obtain the disguise worn by Jeff. Davis at his capture, and Captain Charles T. Hudson undertook to procure it from Mrs. Davis. In his account of the affair, Capt. Hudson has related in a letter to Major-General J.H. Wilson, that Mrs. Davis stated to him that she attired Mr. Davis in her own dress, and she surrendered a certain garment which Col. Pritchard afterward described in his report to the Secretary of War as a "waterproof cloak or dress." Though I did not examine the texture of the dress worn by Davis at the capture, and cannot say whether it was waterproof or not, it was beyond all question a "woman's dress," and precisely like the dress usually worn by Mrs. Davis after the capture during our march back to Macon. I am very sure that not any gentleman's garment that could be described as a waterproof cloak was found or seen in the possession of Davis at his capture, or while on the march to Macon.




Burton N. Harrison, Jeff. Davis' Private Secretary, in his paper in "The Century," November, 1886, on this subject, states that Davis was not disguised at all, and that he wore a waterproof cloak which he usually wore on the march; and by further statement seeks to discredit other witnesses present at the capture, by assuring the public only one of our troopers was present there, the one who accosted him, and that he and Mrs. Davis and that one trooper, were the only persons who saw Davis at his capture; when the fact is, that while Davis was standing in his disguise in my presence, three of our troopers saw him, besides Andrew Bee, who pointed to Davis as "a man dressed in woman's clothes;" and there was present not more than two rods from the disguised figure, Capt. Moody and within about four rods from him, Col. Lubbock and other Confederate Army officers, who doubtless saw what took place.




My record of the event was made at the time in the line of my duty, and I then correctly and officially reported the fact of his disguise to my commanding officers.