Davis amazing cowardice revealed by his wife.
Say it ain't so....
Why Southern apologist dare not tell the truth, about Robert E Lee, or Jeff Davis, though they have known this for over 100 years.
First, Jeff Davis.
PER HIS WIFE'S LETTER.....
PER HIS WIFE'S LETTER.....
Per his wife's book
The authenticity of her letter and book are not in doubt.
Per his nephew's journal.
Davis nephew, who was also there, admitted Davis ran away, dressed as female, in his private journal, and apologized for his role in it.
Think you are told the truth about Confederate heroes? Think again. This is just one example -- more coming....
Davis not only ran away in a dress -- he left his children and wife in danger.
Even more -- he told his wife to get herself killed.
Yes -- he did.
Varina Davis wrote a letter to her friends, the Blairs, about her husband. In that letter she revealed what happened the day she and Jefferson Davis were captured.
Davis told a different story than she did.
Davis claimed he heroically defended his children -- that he would have killed the first Union soldier to come near him, but the proximity of his "dear children" put them in danger. He had no choice -- for their sake -- to let himself be taken alive.
See, Davis had boasted just a week earlier that he would go down fighting. Never mind that Davis gave this macho speech as he was about to leave Richmond, despite repeated claims he would never leave Richmond.
So when Davis was indeed captured alive -- and did not defend Richmond, did not even defend his wife and children (as you will see) Davis was full of bluster. He and his defenders tried to paint his actions as heroic.
If not for his wife's letter and book, Davis would have gotten away with it.
Davis sold his surrender as a noble act, to save his children.
But the written accounts -- by his wife, and nephew -- confirm Union soldier's reports. Davis was nowhere near those children.
When the shots started (the Union soldiers were actually shooting at each other by mistake) Davis ran, leaving his children to whatever might happen to them.
Once caught, Davis was mute for a while, his wife defending him. Later, after he was in handcuffs, Davis got very brave and obnoxious to his captures, who just let him rant.
Davis told them they were lucky he had not killed them. It was all bluster, saving face, which is perfectly normal reaction to being caught in a cowardly act.
If not for his wife's letter, his nephew's journal, Davis could get away with this cowardice, and for 150 years, he did. But it's time to tell the truth about Jeff Davis, per original documents.
It's important to notice, we use documents FROM Davis supporters. Those defending Davis -- including himself -- never got their stories straight. Varina's amazing letter survived.
DO NOT MAKE THEM TRUE.
Most people today -- even "historians" - have long dismissed the "dress story" about Jeff Davis as thoroughly debunked myth, and worthless to discuss.
Not even worthy of consideration! Yet, all that time (since 1906 anyway) the evidence was clearly there, in Varina's book, and her letter, and the nephew's journal.
You can dismiss the Union soldier's reports if you want. Yet most "historians" who dismiss the "dress story" don't even tell you the Union soldiers wrote reports. Yes, they did.
And in those reports, without fanfare, matter of factly, they reported Jefferson Davis was caught wearing a dress while running away. He wife -- the reports showed -- ran to his defense.
Ironically Jeff Davis wife wrote more sentences about his female garments and details about what he did. To the soldiers, for the reports, that was not the focus at all. Their focus was on the capture and return of Jeff Davis.
DOES NOT MATTER WHAT HE WORE
BUT HE WORE HER DRESS
In dozens of Davis biographies, or books about the Confederacy, they do not even mention the "story" or dismiss it flippantly, as an already debunked myth and slander by Northern papers.
No. In fact, a Macon Georgia reporter was the first to report it, on the telegraph. And North Carolina papers ran the story of Davis in a dress.
Yes, Davis most certainly did have on three layers of female clothing (certainly not just one errant "ratigan" as some claimed). Three layers of female clothing, including a neck to ankle "dressing gown" as Varina termed it, being reluctant to tell the Blair's bluntly that it was her dress.
We know it was her dress -- without a doubt -- because the soldiers report including a rather odd and even hilarious detail. Davis was allowed to change out of the dress -- with his wife's help.
When they emerged from the tent, Varina had on the exact dress Davis had been wearing. That's right, she put on that dress. No doubt to keep the soldiers from taking that garment as a souvenir, which they would have.
Remember, the soldier's reports were remarkably like Varina's letter, in general terms. Davis was running, the soldiers stopped Davis, he wore a dress, and his wife went to his defense.
Varina herself wrote "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER'. That's not what the soldiers said, that is in her letter.
IT WAS NOT JUST HER LETTER
IT WAS NOT JUST HER BOOK
But the facts -- substantiated by his wife, his nephew and others-- show Davis was nowhere near those children. Given the details of Varina's letter, he was at least 100 feet away from the children, if not double or triple that.
And he was running away.
Davis nephew's journal made it clear --Davis was running while bullets flew.
In fact, Davis would have needed to actually sleep in that dress, for him to so quickly exit his tent and run for horses he had tied up some distance off. There was simply no time from when the bullets started flying, for Davis to get out of his manly clothes, put on three layers of female clothing, and get away. There was maybe two minutes that passed from the first gunshot, to when they stopped Davis running.
He would have barely had time to put on his boots and spurs- - the boots and spurs gave him away! That's the detail the first soldier noticed -- a woman did not wear those kinds of boots, and spurs, Very fancy male boots, and spurts.
Davis had this picture taken, above
to "prove" what he wore.
Look like three layers of female clothing to you?
Davis revolver and spurs.
The fancy boots and spurs gave him away.
Women did not wear spurs.
But whenever Davis put on the dress, that morning or the night before, he was ready.
Dressing as a woman was actually a smart idea -- the Union patrols had a 100,000 dollar reward waiting for them, if they found him. It might have been the biggest man hunt in US history.
They knew Davis was in the area. And Davis knew Union patrols were all over the roads. Eventually they would be stopped by someone.
As a woman, sitting in a wagon with other women, Davis had a reasonable chance of passing through a check point.
The point is Davis was ready. And, he left his wife in danger, and his children in danger. He was running for his own safety. And he was wearing his wife's clothing.
" I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER"
"..... he told me to force the enemy to kill me"
I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER
Not only did Jefferson Davis run away in her dress, in her book Varina tells that Davis told her to get herself killed.
Davis running away in three layers of female clothing
Varina protects Davis, gets in front of him,
and dares the soldiers to shoot HER!
Davis protects no one.
The Union soldiers that captured Davis -- for the rest of their lives-- respected Varina Davis. She jumped in from of her husband, held him -- and told the soldiers to leave Davis alone, it was "MY MOTHER".
As Varina's own letter to Blairs showed - she told the soldiers to shoot HER (Varina) and leave her mother alone.
As Varina's own letter to Blairs showed - she told the soldiers to shoot HER (Varina) and leave her mother alone.
After all, can you see Lincoln running away -- in a dress or not? Would he run away at all?
Can you see Lincoln leaving his children as bullets flew?
Can you see Lincoln telling his wife to get herself killed?
LONG HISTORY OF CLAIMING BRAVERY
To understand how amazing Davis cowardice really was, you have to understand how Davis urged others to fight, even to the death. He fired generals that would not attack, and replaced them with generals that would.
He even -- really -- urged his WIFE to fight to the death. How do we know? She revealed this in her own book after his death
Her book is flattering as she can make it be, and a gold mine of information about Davis and the Civil War, from her perspective.
Varina -- to her credit -- would never outright lie for Davis. Not then, not later.
She would spin things, she supported him in her writing, much like she did the day he was captured, she put herself in front of him, to save him.
But she would not lie. That's why anything in Varina's book, you can count on, factually. She would not fabricate anything.
Varina does not make it clear in her book, but the fact Davis told her to get herself killed was known and spoken of already for 40 years by the time Varina published her book. She did not mention that Davis full speech that day, was actually Davis effort to impress the public how brave HE -- Davis -- would be. The clear inference at the time, Davis told the crowd HE would go down fighting, rather than surrender, and told his wife, who was standing there, she should too.
Davis had this picture taken - seriously -- to "prove" he wore his normal clothing.
These exacty clothes are on display to this day and Confederate Museum.
Varina's letter about his cowardice is not on display.
Davis was caught because he had on these spurs.
Women did not wear spurts.
One Union soldiers noticed a woman running away in spurs, and told "her" to stop.
This information has been readily available since 1906.
For 110 years, this is public information, incontrovertible, and not in doubt, whatsoever. No one claims it's not her letter. No one claims it's not her book.
His wife's letter went into the library of Congress, donated by the Blair children, shortly after her death.
According to one historian, Davis was "obsessed" for the rest of his life to disprove that he wore a dress. Bet you did not know that.
Why be "obsessed"? If he wore only his normal clothing, and was bravely defending his children, why give a shit?
"He wore no disguise, attempted no subterfuge.."
Still, Varina, in her letter, did write oddly that, Davis "wore no disguise.. he attempted no subterfuge". She then spent several paragraphs describing the disguise.
She was not "outting" Davis as coward. She was trying to save Davis from the newspaper reports of his cowardice, by spinning it as much as possible. She never did admit it was her dress, in writing. She came close, calling it three layers of clothing -- all female clothing.
She even wrote to the effect that 'well so what if Davis had on full women's attire' he did it for the South, who he loved. And suggested it was "of no cavil" -- cavil meaning, "big deal". You don't see that word any more, but she was saying, even if he had on full women's attire, that should not be a big deal.
And she mentions a "dressing gown" he wore -- she claimed he had worn in when he had fevers. The dressing gown was a female dressing gown.
Varina was NOT about to write bluntly "Yes he wore my dress, my head coverings, and my shawl".
Davis nephew didn't bother going into detail, just calling it "woman's clothing".
She told the Blairs, in the letter itself, to destroy the letter, or it might be used to "embarrass" him.
Obviously, they did not destroy the letter, and fifty three years later, the Blair children, by then older adults, donated not just that letter, but hundreds of memorabilia from the Blair family, to the Library of Congress.
VARINA'S AMAZING BOOK IS ONLY ONE SOURCE ..... HER LETTER IS ANOTHER...
DAVIS NEPHEW'S JOURNAL IS ANOTHER.
This is from the report to the Secretary of War, by Col Pritchard, who was there at the capture, and was there after Davis took the dress off, and his wife put it in (in a tent).
But Varina had something against outright lying. She would be clever, but not lie for Davis.
See his wife's own book, quoting her husband.
BLACKS ARE LUCKY TO BE SLAVES
Did you ever heard of Davis claim slavery was a kindness?
Did you ever hear he bought beautiful boys?
Did you ever hear other Southern leaders had slave girls tortured, too, and defended it as a Godly directive, intended by God?
Yet these are the things Southern leaders -- including Lee and Davis, actually wrote, and did.
Take a minute. Do you know anyone who told their wife to get herself killed?
Do you know anyone who left his wife and children, ran away in a dress, but later claimed to be heroic?
No, you know no such human being.
DONATED AFTER HER DEATH
Varina told the Blairs -- in the letter itself -- to destroy it, or it would be used to "embarrass" Davis.
But 50 years later, after Varina died, after Davis died, the Blair children donated boxes of papers to the Library of Congress.
This was just one letter.
The Blair children were essentially bragging that their parents, since the time of George Washington, through the CIvil War, and up to the 20th century, were BFD in politics. And they were!
One of the Blair children, even spoke on the occasion of giving the letters to Library of Congress. They had always known Davis wore a dress, it was an open secret in their conversations.
Here is what Davis said he wore -- and he went to the amazing length of having his picture taken later, with the very clothes he claimed to have on -- not similar clothes, these are the clothes he specifically said he had on. Exactly.
THIS IS THE PICTURE DAVIS HAD TAKEN
TO "PROVE" WHAT HE WORE.
TO "PROVE" WHAT HE WORE.
Not a waterproof cloak, as some Davis apologist said.
But a woman's dress.
Davis never claimed he had on a waterproof cloak. Davis always insisted he wore his normal clothing.
There are all kinds of variations of excuses for Davis. But his wife, his nephew, and the Union reports are all so closely alike, written at the time, that is the best evidence.
And remember, Davis wife, and nephew, were doing all they could to SPARE Davis shame, not humiliate him.
Davis -- of his own volition, his own idea -- had this picture taken to prove exactly what he wore that day.
He was very clear, these are the clothes, not similar clothes, he had on, when captured. Remember that.
Of course Davis would have no way to know, Varina already let the cat out of the bag, re the clothes. She had already admitted he had on three layers of female attire-- though she tried to parse words.
Strange indeed, the Union soldiers, and Davis nephew, both reported he had on female clothes. Matter of factly, with only two sentences, the Union reports were that he had on a dress, and when allowed to change, his wife emerged from the tent, wearing that dress!
You can't make this up. Davis wife emerged from the tent, after Davis changed, with that dress on, no doubt to keep the soldiers from taking it as a souvenir.__________________________________
Remember that if your history teacher smugly tells you this was all a "newspaper" thing.
From North Carolina paper...
This North Carolina paper has Varina and Davis in the the tent, at same time, before capture. According to this report, Varina was next to Davis, as they emerged from the tent, both trying to convince the soldiers Davis was her mother.
Varina's letter reveals slightly different -- that Davis was running away -- and she went to him, and held him, keeping the soldiers from shooting him! Varina's own letter is the best evidence, of course. By the time the rumor mill got to the North Carolina paper, things got distorted, but still reported he wore his wife's dress.
The newspaper had it slightly wrong -- that Davis was in the tent. Varina's letter, which would be much more reliable, has Davis running, which matches the soldier's reports.
The point is - even Southern newspapers showed Davis was in a DRESS.
This bit of comedy was in a North Carolina paper, too.
Why some in the South -- SEEM to hate Varina, to this day.
One interesting thing I noticed while researching Varina Davis, was the loathing, just beneath the surface, for her by some in Virginia.
Keep in mind Varina was very loyal to Davis -- saved his life, protected him from everyone, and while she wrote that letter, she had no idea it would be saved and published.
Every thing she did --everything she said, in public, was like an obedient wife. Her two volume book on Davis is as flattering as it could possible be.
Yes, she wrote that letter to Blairs but even in it she tries to take the blame. And she told them to destroy the letter
See this article about Varina in "Encyclopedia Virginia" which essentially glorifies slave owners, specifically Davis, and Lee. But their tone and personal cruelty to Varina is amazing, given the supposed "academic" of their publication.
They claimed she was homely, and suggested she lured a lonely Davis into marriage. They claimed she was "manifestly ill suited" for first lady of the South because she lived in the North!
Actually Varina was HOT. She was, to be blunt, stacked. And she was young, and Davis was over twice her age. He ruled over her, she did what he said. Period.
Later in life, after the war, after she was in Washington, the civil war done, she said she was happy and "the right side won the civil war.
That apparently infuriated the encyclopedia of Virginia!
Well she did live in the North -- with Davis! She lived with JEFF DAVIS in DC.
For them to hate Varina -- who did nothing but dote and serve Davis like an obedient wife, and saved his life, his honor, is amazing.
Yet by time these hackers get done with her, in an encyclopedia no less, Davis is the victim, she is ugly. Why do that in an encyclopedia? It's not true, but even if it were, why trash her in an encylopedia?
These folks in VA who adore Davis and Lee, are still haters and liars, yes, they are.
Not only was she homely, her "political loyalties" were "suspect from the beginning," said the article. Really? No, they were not.
As if it was horrible to be against Southern killing sprees, torture of slaves, sale of children. But Varina was not anti slavery in the least, and was docile and obedient as hell.
Varina wrote to Northern relatives? Seriously, thats the charge against her. She wrote to Northern relatives.
"Spent years in the North". By North, they mean DC, and Davis lived there too, she went there WITH DAVIS.
Whoever runs the Virginia Encyclopedia savaged Varina in this article -- almost like a gossip piece rather than an encyclopedia, or a smear political distorted commerical.
Her skin was considered "unattractive" they said!
No she had very sensual skin -- a little bit darker than pale white, she was of Native American heritage. She looked rather Italian, a bit of Sophia Loren, likely, when younger. Body to die for, and obedient as a slave, to Davis.
Even if she was unattractive why mention that? Because they hate her.
The article said her father was "unable to support his family". What evidence do they have? Who the hell puts this kind of hachet job, in an encyclopedia?
Really amazing to do that to the "First Lady" of the Confederacy, even if it were true, but what they said is false, and the bastards knew it.
THE CAPTURE OF JEFFERSON DAVIS
Julian G. Dickinson, Late Adjutant 4th Michigan Cavalry and Brevet Captain, USV
Original Member of the Michigan Commandery, Insignia Number 3751
Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States
Read January 8, 1889 (First Published 1899)
BELOW IS EXTRA STUFF WE ARE SAVING --- ignore
Being questioned by Col. Pritchard, he stated there had been several mounted men to the house ring the afternoon, from a camp near the village, to purchase forage and provisions, and the camp lay about a mile and a half out on the Abbeville road. Placing the freedman in advance for guide, and directing the utmost silence to be preserved in the column, we moved out on the Abbeville road. The night was rather dark, but clear and very quiet. We marched the distance of about a mile when we halted and made the necessary arrangements for the capture of the camp when light was deemed sufficient to enable us to discern its situation.
A detail of 25 men, under command of Lieut. Purinton, was sent to make a circuit of the camp and get into position on the road beyond, to station pickets, and take precautions for preventing the escape of the occupants in that direction, awaiting our advance and capture of the camp.
We rested until the first appearance of the dawn of the morning of the 10th. The order was then quietly given to mount, and placing a small force under command of Capt. Charles T. Hudson, as an advance guard, with directions to charge forward upon the camp, our column moved in support. The charge was uninterrupted by any picket of camp guards, and we speedily entered and enveloped the camp by a surprise so complete that no one seemed to have been disturbed.
The advance guard moved directly and quickly through the camp toward Lieut. Purinton's picket. Our main column halted for a minute in the road before entering the camp. On the right of the road, in line, facing a clearing or parade, stood three wall tents; beyond the clearing there was, what appeared to me to be, a swampy thicket; on our left, in the woods, at some distance from the road, was a miscellaneous collection of tents and ambulances. The extent of the camp could not, however, be distinctly seen from our position.
At this moment some of our men appeared to be straggling from the column and Col. Pritchard directed my attention to it and to the care of the camp, and as he moved forward with the column through the camp, I rode out and took a position by the roadside until the column passed me. I then rode across the parade, in front of the wall tents, on the right of the road. I saw no one about the tents and there was nothing indicating who occupied them, until, as I passed the tents d started to move into the road beyond, I saw a man partially dressed, emerging from a "shelter-tent." I at once rode up to him and inquired what force was there in camp. He looked at me seemingly bewildered. Not hearing him reply to me, I repeated the question, and while lingering for a response, I was suddenly startled by a familiar voice calling.
I turned and saw Andrew Bee, our "headquarters cook," who was standing close to the front of one of the wall tents and pointing to three persons in female attire, who, arm in arm, were moving rapidly across the clearing towards the thicket. Andrew called to me, "Adjutant, there goes a man dressed in woman's clothes."
The person indicated was quite apparent, and I rode at once toward the party, ordering them to halt, repeating the order rapidly, they seeming not to hear, or not inclined to obey, until I rode directly across their pathway, when they halted. At that moment Corporal Munger, of Company C, came riding up from the thicket, and taking a stand in the rear of the party brought his carbine to a position for firing upon the man dressed in woman's clothes, at the same time applying to him an appellation that was in vogue among the troopers as a designation of "Jeff. Davis." I ordered the corporal not to fire, there being no perceptible resistance.
The person in disguise was Jefferson Davis, and his companions were Mrs. Davis and her colored waiting maid. The scene thus presented was rendered pathetic by the cries of Davis' family at the tents and by the heroic conduct of Mrs. Davis, who placed her arms around the drooping head of her husband, as if to protect him from threatened peril; she made no other appeal to us.
Davis had on for disguise a black shawl drawn closely around his head and shoulders, through the folds of which I could see his gray hairs. He wore on his person a woman's long, black dress, which completely concealed his figure, excepting his spurred boot heels. The dress was undoubtedly Mrs. Davis' traveling dress, which she afterwards wore on her return march to Macon. At the time of the capture she was attired in her morning gown and a black shawl covering her head and stately form, while her waiting maid was completely attired in black.
Glancing from this party before me, and around the position, I was startled by the presence of several rebel officers who in the meantime quietly came upon the scene. The positions they had taken clearly indicated they were interested in the movement of their chief. I ordered Davis and his party to retire to their tents and then moved toward the rebel officers in question, requesting them to also retire. I was promptly obeyed.
I directed Corporal Munger to guard Mr. Davis and his party in their tents, and to take two men who came up with him for that purpose. I then rode forward to report to Col. Pritchard the episode that had taken place. In the meantime spirited firing had commenced, and the usual evidences of an engagement with an enemy appeared in the direction our column had advanced.
As I passed Davis' tent, in going to the front, Mrs. Davis called to me, and I dismounted to hear her request. She asked what we were going to do with Mr. Davis and whether herself and family would be permitted to go along with him. I informed her that I could not tell what would be done with any of them until I had reported to my commanding officer. She then very earnestly said that we must not interfere with Mr. Davis as he was a very desperate man and would hurt some of us. She further requested that I would see to certain things that she had in the wagon, and I promised to attend to that
As I moved into the road I met one of our officers from the front with something from the wagon, in the shape of a canteen of most excellent fluid, of which he freely offered me a share. I mete Col. Pritchard just returning from an unfortunate conflict with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, that regiment having come upon our pickets and mistaking them for an enemy, retired and formed for a battle, which forced our column to form in line and skirmish with them, in the belief that we had met a force of the enemy. Col. Pritchard brought the engagement to a close by dashing into the lines of the 1st Wisconsin and notifying them of the mistake.
The fact was that the 1st Wisconsin and the 4th Michigan expected to find a desperate force of the enemy; the 1st Wisconsin, however, was marching without any knowledge of the locality of the camp, and without any expectation of finding it at that time, having been in bivouac most of the night, a few miles from our picket.
I reported to Col. Pritchard the capture of Jeff. Davis in his attempt to escape from the camp in female attire, and that I had put him under guard. In the meantime Mr. Davis put on his male attire - a suit of gray - and came out of his tent. When he saw Col. Pritchard he shouted out some inquiry, which he followed up with the old familiar charge, "You are vandals, thieves and robbers." He evidently had worked himself into a rage, for when I went to him soon after, getting the names of the prisoners, he refused my request for his name, and I was obliged to receive it from his wife, who spoke up proudly, in answer to my repeated question, "his name is Jefferson Davis, sir."
The captured party consisted of Jefferson Davis, accompanied by Mrs. Davis and their three children; John H. Reagan, Postmaster General; Col. Johnston, A.D.C.; Col. Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary, and Col. F.R. Lubbock, A.D.C., of Jeff. Davis' staff; Major V.R. Maurin, of the Richmond Battery of Light Artillery; Capt. George V. Moody, Mollison's Light Artillery; Lieut. Hathaway, 14th Ky. Infantry; privates W.W. Monroe and F. Messick, 14th Ky.; privates Sanders, Ingraham, Wilbury, Baker, Smith, Heath and Alliston, of the 2d Ky. Cavalry; privates J.H. Taylor and A.W. Brady, Co. E. 15th Miss., private J.W. Furley, 13th Tenn., all of the late Confederate States army, and midshipman Howell of the Confederate navy, Miss Howell, a sister of Mrs. Davis, accompanied her. There were two colored women and one colored man, servants of the Davis family. Of the three children of Mr. Davis' family, the youngest was a babe and quite a favorite in our command (once on the march I saw it handed along the line); the oldest child was a little girl about ten years of age, and the other child was a boy of about seven or eight years. There was also with the party a little colored lad about the same age as young Davis, and the two created considerable amusement for us by their wrestling exercises. Burton N. Harrison, the Private Secretary, was the gentleman of whom I sought so diligently to elicit information immediately preceding the capture.
There was not the slightest show of any resistance on the part of any of the captured party, and they were all kindly treated by their captors. That their wagons and tents were searched thoroughly, I have no doubt. Lieut. James Vernor obtained a trophy of Davis' wardrobe, a dressing gown, which he exhibits, but whether Davis wore it as part of his garments at the capture is not known. It might possibly have been worn under his disguise.
Their horses were all taken by our men and considerable sums of money in gold were captured. The gold was taken, as I understood from Col. Johnston at the time, in the holsters of the rebel officers, where it had been carried for safety and convenience. Who captured the gold is somewhat of a mystery to this day. At the camp, immediately after the capture, Col. Pritchard was informed that one of our men, a Tennessean named James H. Lynch, was possessed of most of the coin and the Colonel searched him but found none of the gold; afterwards it is well known that Lynch distributed several pieces of gold coin among his companions and gave a few pieces to some of his officers. It is certain that the coin was never equally distributed.
In preparing for the return march their horses were all returned to the prisoners, and Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family were allowed the use of the ambulances, which they occupied most of the time on our return march.
On the 12th of May, returning, we met Major Robert Burns, A.A.G. of Minty's staff, from headquarters at Macon, who brought to us President Johnson's proclamation, offering rewards for the capture of Jeff. Davis and other fugitives. The proclamation was the first intelligence we received of the assassination of our President, Abraham Lincoln, and of the reward. I have now in my possession the copy of the proclamation which was handed to me at that time. It was issued on the 2d day of May, 1865, was published to the Cavalry Corps, M.D.M. at Macon, on the 8th day of May, 1865, and reached our command, as I have said, on the 12th day of May. Mr. Davis was securely guarded during our return march. Perhaps his guard was more strict than it would have been had he not given notice that he would make his escape if possible.
Before reaching Macon, Col. Pritchard received orders to make a detail form his regiment in readiness to take his prisoners to Washington, and after we reached camp, he proceeded upon that service and conveyed Jeff. Davis to Fortress Monroe.
The Secretary of War directed Col. Pritchard at Washington to obtain the disguise worn by Jeff. Davis at his capture, and Captain Charles T. Hudson undertook to procure it from Mrs. Davis. In his account of the affair, Capt. Hudson has related in a letter to Major-General J.H. Wilson, that Mrs. Davis stated to him that she attired Mr. Davis in her own dress, and she surrendered a certain garment which Col. Pritchard afterward described in his report to the Secretary of War as a "waterproof cloak or dress." Though I did not examine the texture of the dress worn by Davis at the capture, and cannot say whether it was waterproof or not, it was beyond all question a "woman's dress," and precisely like the dress usually worn by Mrs. Davis after the capture during our march back to Macon. I am very sure that not any gentleman's garment that could be described as a waterproof cloak was found or seen in the possession of Davis at his capture, or while on the march to Macon.
Burton N. Harrison, Jeff. Davis' Private Secretary, in his paper in "The Century," November, 1886, on this subject, states that Davis was not disguised at all, and that he wore a waterproof cloak which he usually wore on the march; and by further statement seeks to discredit other witnesses present at the capture, by assuring the public only one of our troopers was present there, the one who accosted him, and that he and Mrs. Davis and that one trooper, were the only persons who saw Davis at his capture; when the fact is, that while Davis was standing in his disguise in my presence, three of our troopers saw him, besides Andrew Bee, who pointed to Davis as "a man dressed in woman's clothes;" and there was present not more than two rods from the disguised figure, Capt. Moody and within about four rods from him, Col. Lubbock and other Confederate Army officers, who doubtless saw what took place.
My record of the event was made at the time in the line of my duty, and I then correctly and officially reported the fact of his disguise to my commanding officers.