Monday, July 14, 2014



Southern "scholars" have known this for 100 years.


Jefferson Davis told folks -- for the next 24 years -- that he was heroic, and put his life in danger to save his children.

Davis was spotted at first, because he wore fancy spurs. Women did not wear spurs.  Davis wore three layers of female clothing -- but  had on his own boots and spurs.



Davis insisted passionately -- and at great length -- that he was not only brave that day, but that he had on his normal clothing.  

Davis had a picture taken -- for publication -- showing exactly what he had on, when captured.  Here is that picture.


He hoped that would "prove" he wore his normal clothing, and therefore prove those who claimed he had on a dress, also lied about his cowardice.

But does Davis look like anyone's "mother" in that picture?  

Strange, then, that Varina Davis letter to the Blairs showed a drastically different story. She told the soldiers to leave Davis alone -- it was "my mother".  A soldier simply reached over, and pulled his hood back, to show it was Davis, dress and all.

According to details in her letter, and in Davis nephew's journal,  Davis ran away, leaving his children to their fate, as bullets flew.

Davis was no where near his children, that he claimed he saved. 

In fact, quite the reverse, Davis had run away, in female garments, and Varina told the soldiers to leave "her" alone, "She is my MOTHER"  Varina wrote. 

That's right, as bullets flew -- guess who ran, dressed as a woman? Jeff Davis did.  Guess who was left behind, as bullets flew in the air?

Jeff Davis children got left behind.  Davis ran for the horses -- but later claimed he saved his children.

Guess who wrote about his actions, in her letter, at the time?

Jeff Davis wife -- Varina Davis, in her letter to the Blairs. That letter is still in library of Congress, where it has been since 1906.



Davis even told his wife that she should die fighting (he had always encouraged fighting to the death).   This was widely reported at the time -- but Varina put it in her book.  So the rumors that Davis told his wife to get herself killed were true.  

While Varina does not put this part in her book,  Davis told her survival it would "bring shame" on the South if she did not die fighting.  

But when Davis was captured  (in a dress) he came up with a dozie -- he only let himself be captured, he did not die fighting as he told his wife to,  out of "tender concern" for his children, who he saved by his bravery.

No -- they were not nearby, they were 1000 yards away, where Davis left them, while he ran away in a dress.


Davis started his BS about his bravery right away -- and stuck to it for the rest of his life. In fact, he had various people sign affidavits claiming he stayed by his children.  He had his picture taken with the clothes he claimed he wore!!  

That's right, Davis was obsessed for years, with "proving" he was not running away, not dressed as a woman.  But of course, he was, as shown by his wife and his nephews own writings.

Southern apologist screamed bloody murder this was the "vengeful slander of a brave man" by Northern  newspapers. Bullshit --actually a Macon reporter first broke the news that Davis was captured in his wife's dress.

Furthermore  Davis own nephew confirmed the story, and apologized for his role, in dressing Davis as a woman. You can dismiss the Union soldiers reports of Davis running away in a dress if you like --but they didn't say it nearly as emphatically or in detail as his own wife did. 


Davis own nephew -- Tyler Woods -- was there with his uncle and aunt.   Later he would admit, in his journal, that Jefferson Davis ran away dressed as a woman. He said he "regret exceedingly" Davis attempt to escape (leaving his children in danger).

 Varina's letter, written at the time, details it. Varina shows Davis ran, and that she told the soldiers he was her MOTHER.


The details Varina includes in her hastily written letter, at the time, are amazing. "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER" . Her sister also told the soldiers Davis was their mother.

The typical Davis biography,  buries the "dress story" deep in a late chapter, hardly addressing it at all,  dismissing any notion that he wore a dress as silly, or a conspiracy.   



But they all know her letter -- you can tell, by how they parse words.   Shelby Foote, who adores Davis and claims he was "a true gentleman" -- said no one could possibly think bad of Davis, if they ever saw  how tenderly and lovingly he greeted his children.

You mean those children he left in danger, and the wife he told to get herself killed, as he ran away in a dress?  Those children?

Can you imagine LIncoln leaving his children in danger, running away, never mind what he wore.  Can you imagine IKE or JFK running away leaving their children as bullets flew?

And Davis did it -- in his wife's dress.

And Southern leaders know that, they have known it for 100 years.   Varina's biographies have had no trouble refering to her letter.  And of course, every Davis scholar read Varina's book about their flight from Richmond, and how Varina reported in her book, that Davis told her to get herself killed.

Shelby dishonestly mentions Varina's letter - the part where she says he wore no disguise.  Yes, she did write in that letter, that he wore no disguise, but then writes several paragraphs describing it, trying to take the blame for it, and clearly saying she told the soldiers Davis was her mother. Of course Shelby and others know the complete letter, they probably have parts of it memorized.

Varina tries to take the blame for his female garments -- claiming she put them on him.   But the dress he had on, took ten minutes or so to get in, so Davis had that on, likely, the entire night. His was ready to flee at a moment's notice, he did not throw on three different female garments in the twenty or thirty seconds from the first shots, to when he was captured by the soldiers. 

As long as the public stayed ignorant of her letter -- and the nephews journal -- Davis apologist could pretend Davis was an honorable brave man.   And that is the way Southern "Historians" liked it, like Shelby Foote, and William Cooper, Felicity Hope, etc. 

Davis stood mute, when stopped, he put his head down, face hidden.  His wife came to him, put her own body in front of him, and told the soldiers to leaver her alone -- it was her mother.

Varina said the Union soldier had promised to shoot Davis, if he did not identify himself -- that is the point where, according to Varina herself, she told the soldiers Davis was her MOTHER.

Yes, the soldiers did report Davis was in a dress -- because he was.   Yet the soldiers reports barely mention that detail, Varina discussed in far more than the Union soldiers did.

The soldiers already knew that whoever was running, was a man, because despite the female dress, and head covering, the runner wore very manly and expensive boots and spurs. Women did not wear spurs.  

Ironically, those spurs are now in Museum of Confederacy -- the only true article shown.  See below for more details of how that Museum has no choice but to further Davis lies about his bravery and manly garments.  He did, however, have on his own boots and spurs.

No one knew for sure WHO the man was, dressed as a woman, until a Union soldier pulled his female head covering back, to reveal Jefferson Davis.

And by the way -- the first newspaper reporter to report Davis was in a dress, was NOT from the North, but from Macon Georgia.  Yet for 100 years, Southern apologist dismiss the "entire incident" as a "cruel newspaper exaggeration to shame a brave man".   

Bullshit. Davis was not brave, and if anything, Northern newspapers focused too much on his dress, not his cowardice. 


Another ploy by Southern apologist -- to claim Davis had on his wife's shoulder wrap, by accident.   Nonsense, Davis never said that, he was quite emphatic that he had on ONLY his own normal clothing, and that he was brave.  He even had his picture taken, showing (lying about) what he wore --exactly what he wore, according to him.
Now you know why Southern "historians" have pretended her letter didn't exist.  There is no way to spin that away. It's really that simple.   Pretend it does not exist, is exactly what they did.

"If not for the interposition of my body, 
[Davis] would have been shot."

Varina jumped in front of Davis -- she had to catch him to save him from being shot as he ran. 




While Varina does not characterize Davis as cowardly, the Union soldiers did.  

Varina did not intend to shame Davis.  In fact, she was trying to take the blame, to minimize his embarrassment.  She would never bluntly say he wore her dress, she called it "a dressing gown" and two other female garments.  He wore three female garments, according to her.

And she said he was running away -- he left his children and her behind, to get away for his own safety.  We know bullets were flying as he ran, because his nephew said so.

Can you imagine LIncoln running away in a dress while his children were in danger?

Can you imagine IKE running? Washington.

Remember -- this is important -- Davis would claim he was HEROIC.  He claimed he saved his children!  He was no where near those children, in fact, he was running away from them, in his wife's dress.

Can you imagine if Lincoln's wife wrote a letter about him running away, in her dress, what Southern "historians" would do?

Think they would sweep that under the table? Really?

The Union soldiers respected Varina -- she was the brave one.  Davis not only ran away in a dress, leaving his children in danger, but when caught, his wife saved him. According to the soldiers, Davis put his head down and sulked   --  and only later got "macho" with his words,  after he was allowed to take off the dress and was in handcuffs. Then he talked tough.   But when he ran away in the dress, and his wife saved him, he was not so tuff.

Page 17  

"I said it was my mother."

"If not for the interposition of my body, 
[Davis] would have been shot."

Varina jumped in front of Davis -- she had to catch him to save him from being shot as he ran. 

Davis runs to horse
to get away --  leaving his children as bullets flew



In fact, one witness reported Davis berated Varina, told her it was her fault they were captured, berated her mercilessly.  She had just saved his life. Yet Davis would turn that around, claimed he was heroic.


Varina does not intend to shame Davis, she did not know, when she wrote the letter to Blairs, that Davis would claim he was heroic, and in his manly clothes.   She was trying to take the blame, she claimed she put three separate garments on him, though she fell short of admitting outright, it was her dress.

The nephew, and soldiers, established it was her dress.  In fact, in one of oddest events in history, when Davis was allowed to take the dress off, Varina helped him dress.  

 When they emerged from the tent, Varina had on the very dress Davis just took off, apparently so the soldiers could not take it.

You can't make that up.  The soldiers reports were matter of fact, they barely mentioned the dress - but the details they did mention, line up with Varina and the nephew.

Nor did Varina know the letter would be made public -- in fact, the last sentences of the letter, tell the Blairs to destroy the letter, or it could "embarrass" Davis.

Davis would spend two decades trying to "prove" he saved his children and wore only his manly clothes.  Scholars have not even told you that, about his relentless efforts to claim he was the hero of the moment. 


Southern "historians"  had no choice but to cover for Davis's cowardice -- to admit he was a coward, told his wife to get herself killed, would also show his cruelty and cowardice in other areas.    See below.


Varina's full letter -- 20 pages -- is STILL at the library of Congress, where it has been since 1906.  And Southern "historians" knew about it, the whole time.  They just hoped you wouldnt find out.

You found it.


Varina had no idea the Blairs would keep her letter --in fact, she told them to destroy it.  Fifty years later, the Blair children donated it to the Library of Congress, where it remains today.

Kids!  What are you going to do.  

Varina never candidly says "He wore my dress," but she makes it very clear, he was not in normal clothing. Then Varina astonishingly writes in effect, so what if he had on full womens attire, he did it because he so loved the South.  

Had Varina known then, what Davis would claim (that he was heroic and only wore his own clothes) she would never have exposed him.  Hindsight is 20-20.



Davis wife and nephew's writings confirm the Union soldier's reports.



Do you think Davis biographers and Southern "historians" don't know about Varina's book?  It was a huge seller in her life time.She wrote about him -- his life with her, almost day by day through the Civil War.

Think they don't know her book, very well?

They know -- they know her letter, they know her book. 

Southern "historians" just hoped you would never find out about her letter, and nephew's journal.


No one is chasing the "historians" -- why not just admit what Varina's letter said? Why not just admit what the nephew's journal said?  


Varina Davis letter to the Blair's.

And  from his nephews journal.




The FIRST papers to report Davis in a dress -- running away  -- were not  from the North, but from Macon Georgia 

Southern "historians" have tried dozens of ways around the truth -- Wikipedia version gives some nonsense about Davis being ill, and an assistant put a wrap around him for warmth.   Remember, Davis never said such a thing.  Quite the opposite. Davis claimed he was brave, saved his children, and wore his own manly clothes.

This  Georgia "encyclopedia" online claims the "dress thing" was just "persistent rumors."  

 But notice that "encyclopedia"  dare not mention his wife's letter, his nephew's journal, or the Union reports.   Think they don't know? OF COURSE they know.  Whoever wrote this BS knew all that --but they can't have their hero be a zero.

  Another remembered Davis berated the soldiers quoting Davis:  "I suppose you consider it bravery to charge a train of defenseless women and children, but it is theft, it is vandalism "

Davis was allowed to get out of his female disguise -- and Varina was allowed to help him.   Stunningly, when they both emerged from the tent, Varina had on the very dress Davis  had on moments before!! You can't make this shit up!   

Varina's letter confirm Dickerson's report.

  • The dress was undoubtedly Mrs Davis' traveling dress
  • Davis ran away, defended no one
  • He wore on his person a woman's long black dress
  • [dress] completely concealed his figure, excepting the spurred boot heels
  • Davis allowed to remove dress and get back in normal clothes
                          VARINA'S LETTER
  • Davis had on three different female garments
  • Davis ran --defended no one
  • Varina called out "I SAID IT WAS MY MOTHER".
  • Obviously, Davis got out of the three layers of female clothing

  • Davis ran away
  • Davis had on female disguise
  • Davis protected no one

Did all these "Davis experts" miss the letter from Varina? 

Did Southern "historians" not know about the nephew's journal?  Or the Southern newspaper that first reported Davis running away in a dress?

 Of course they knew.  But Davis had made up this lie that he saved his children, and wore only his normal clothing.  So the more details Davis apologist reveal, the more they are caught in Davis lies at the time. So they never go into detail.


This part about Varina saving Davis, and daring the soldier to shoot her (Varina) was also in the Union soldiers report, who were stunned by her bravery.


Davis claims of heroism for his children were as false as his claims for caring for the "Constitution".  Davis was part of the killing machine in Kansas, to stop free speech and force slavery into Kansas, from 1856 on, as you can see HERE 




What did Varina say 25 years later, in her two volume biography of Davis, about his capture?

Her book is wonderful --full of details, and defense of Davis.

Varina details their escape from Richmond chronologically, day by day, almost hour by hour, with stunning detail.  Yet Varina just STOPS when she comes to the capture. Not one word. That chapter ends, and she starts thinking people on the next page.

It's as if she tried to spin her verison, in 1890, to line up with Davis own version of his heroism, but could not.  So she just stopped her explanation, at the moment before the capture.   Either she would not, or could not, reveal those details -- if she told the truth, she would expose Davis as a coward for the world to see.  If she lied -- she would shame herself. She she just stopped her book, essentially, at the moment of capture.  

She would have no clue that 16 years later, after her death, the Blair children would reveal her letter from 1865.

Give her credit -- Varina might bend the truth to save her hubby from embarrassment, but she would not outright lie for him.

Keckley made the dress?

Ever hear of Elizabeth Keckley? Easily one of the most fascinating women of the 19th century, yet most people never heard of her.

According to her autobiography, she sewed clothes for Mrs Davis -- later, she would sew clothes for Mrs Lincoln!   After the Civil War, she was in Chicago, and happened upon a wax display of Davis, showing, supposedly, a dress he wore when captured.   According to her, she recognized the stitching as hers -- although whether Mr Davis had it on, ever, she could not say.  But it was her work.   See this.  

Keckley's comments mean little, however, because that garment may well have been a dress Varina had, but Davis didn't wear. In fact, certainly it was NOT the dress Davis had on, because Varina got that from him, and put it on herself!

But the soldiers did take the other clothes as souvenirs, so perhaps, if Keckley was correct, that was one of the other garments.







The soldier's reports were matter-of-fact. They mentioned, but did not make, a "big deal" of his dress or actions. The reports mentioned the dress -- in two sentences, deep down in the report. 

It was Varina who went on and on -- and on - about the "dressing gown"  and tried to take the blame for him wearing it.

Remember, Davis said he had on his normal clothing.  No gown, no Ratigan, no running.    

Maybe the most unreported fact is that  Davis was allowed to take off the dress, according to Union soldiers.   In the privacy of a tent, with his wife's help, Davis took off the dress,  but Varina put it on!   When Davis emerged from the tent, in his manly clothes, Varina had put on the dress Davis took off!!

You can't make this up.  She put on her dress -- that he had worn moments ago -- so the soldiers would not take it for a souvenir. 


Davis knew no figure in US  history is known to have run away in a dress, as their children were in danger, as enemy soldiers threatened.  It's unthinkable that Lincoln would, or Eisenhower,  for example.  




The typical Davis biography,  buries the "dress story" deep in a late chapter, hardly addressing it at all, and dismissing any notion that he wore a dress as silly, or a conspiracy.   Bullshit -- and they KNOW it's bullshit.

  His wife was not trying to smear Davis, even to the Blairs, she was trying to take the blame, explain away the dress, and even then she told the Blairs to destroy the letter.  It was never her intention to embarrass him -- quite the opposite. 

Her letter, however, unquestionably and rightfully confirms the Union's soldiers reports.   Davis did run away, in his wife's dress, leaving his children in danger, and then claim to be heroic. 

And that is the way Southern "Historians" liked it, like Shelby Foote, and William Cooper, Felicity Hope, etc. 



They know Davis demanded the spread of slavery by force into Kansas, even though Kansas voted overwhelmingly -- and fought - to keep slavery out.

But they didn't tell you about that, either. 






The soldier's reports were matter-of-fact. They mentioned, but did not make, a "big deal" of his dress or actions. The reports mentioned the dress -- in two sentences, deep down in the report. 

It was Varina who went on and on -- and on - about the details, the three garments, one a"dressing gown" . She tried to take the blame for him wearing it, but Davis was a control freak, and oppressive to his wife.  If he had on three female garments -- and he did -- it was his idea, not hers. 

Remember, Davis said he had on his normal clothing.  No gown, no Ratigan, no running.    


Davis knew no figure in US  history is known to have run away in a dress, as their children were in danger, as enemy soldiers threatened.  It's unthinkable that Lincoln would, or Eisenhower,  for example.  



Why some in the South --  SEEM to hate Varina, to this day.

One interesting thing I noticed while researching Varina Davis, was the loathing, just beneath the surface, for her by some in Virginia. 

Keep in mind Varina was very loyal to Davis -- saved his life, protected him from everyone,  and while she wrote that letter, she had no idea it would be saved and published.

Every thing she did --everythign she said, in public, was like an obedient wife. Her two volume book on Davis is as flattering as it can be.

Yes, she wrote that letter to Blairs showing he was cowardly, and wore three layers of female clothing,  but even in it she tries to take the blame.  And she told them to destroy the letter! . That's right, in the letter itself, she says destroy this letter or it might embarrass Davis!

But watch this --  Encyclopedias never take this tone -- whoever wrote this apparently hated Varina. And of course, they never met of course.  I found that fascinating!

                                                Southern Encyclopedias Hate Varina to this day!

Varina as a very good looking woman, and defended the Davis and the South.     But the way the above article spins it, they clearly hate her anyway. She was not attractive they said, and her
 "political loyalties" were "suspect from the beginning" said the article. Really? No, they were not. 

Varina wrote to Northern relatives?  That's what they said, and "spent years in the North".   By North, they mean DC, and Davis lived there too, damn fucking liars. 

Whoever runs the Virginia Encyclopedia savaged Varina in this article -- almost like a gossip piece rather than an encyclopedia..  Her skin was considered "unattractive" they said!!  

No, it was not, this is some crap the encyclopedia made up.    Davis was homely and old looking by time he was 46, she was 17 when he met her!   A big tit 17 year old girl, too stupid to know Davis was a slick tongue liar -- she would find that out, though.

To savage her on looks tells you all you need to know about that "encyclopedia".   She was NOT -- but Mrs Lee, that lady, wow.   If she were not rich, and owned all those slaves and land, Robert E  would have thrown mud pies at her.  She was homely as hell.  But you don't see the Virginia Encylopedia dissing her looks.

They diss Varina's looks, and she was HOT.  See any spin by these bastards?

The article claims  she had "few marriage prospects". There is nothing to back that statement,  Davis pursued her because she was attractive had those big tits, was 17 -- just 17, if you know what I mean, and yeah, we know what you mean, Davis did too.

She was young and impressionable.   She saw him as an older guy, not as a suitor, until he chased her. 

 The article said her father was "unable to support his family".  Bullshit, the writers of this hit piece just make shit up -- like anyone who honors men like Davis and Lee, you need to be able to make shit up.

This same "encyclopedia" does nothing but praise Davis and Robert E Lee, effusively, never mind how cowardly they were in private, nor how cruel they were as slave masters.

She "was not attractive" says the article -- she was HOT, with big boobs and big lips, and a hell of a figure.  

But they claim Davis, one of the ugliest men in US history, was a "handsome man"   Who writes this shit?

Varina did NOT "quickly fall in love with him" as the encyclopedia claims - she indicated to others that because of her youth, and his age, she did not even consider him a suitor.  He was old enough to be her father -- and she was hot with big tits.   He was ugly, but he was a great bullshitter.

But the writer of the article wanted you believe Varina just lusted after Davis. Bullshit.

Then the article claims Davis was too refined for her, and a hero -- Davis claims of heroism, we know what those are worth.   

 Really amazing to do that to the "First Lady" of the Confederacy, even if it were true, but what they said is false, and the bastards knew it.

  Apparently they hate her because of her 20 page letter, and the fact that years later, she said the right side won the war.

The encylopedia refuses to consider her white!  A very sly insult -- "some white Richmonders compared her to an Indian squaw"   Yeah, the Richmonder who wrote the article. 

 What the hell are they talking about, her loyalties?   She met Davis when she was 17 -- he was over twice her age.  She had no loyalties, and she would spend every day of most of her life promoting Jeff Davis, serving him, saving him. She really existed, old school, for Davis.

Even the letter which rats Davis out, she is trying to protect him. She just wrote so much, so many details, that she essentially repudiated Davis own distortions --but that was not her intention.  Had she known anyone other than the Blairs would read it, she would not have written it.

To throw that word "squaw" in there was not only false, it was malicious, and the writer at the Encyclopedia meant it to be. 

So Davis sure enjoyed her and her skin.

Have you ever seen such an "Encyclopedia" article? I never  have.  

Read the full article, its really amazing.

 They accuse -- as if its a crime -- her of writing to her family.  She wrote her family  That's right -- she wrote to her family, so that makes her unfit?   Here is a clue, lot of people wrote their family -- people wrote letters all the time, but the way this encyclopedia portrays Varina, writing her family was an act of disloyalty.  Very .

Varina could have easily written a tell all book about her husband years later -- she was nothing but flattering to and about him. Her letter was private, and even that tried to protect Davis.

 Why bring up her looks at all?  Robert E Lee has a homely as hell wife -- to be blunt  --,but Varina was very good looking.. If a woman was not beautiful, why bring it up at all? This encyclopedia just enjoyed their digs at Varina.

 Suppose Varina was homely?  No, she wasn't -- but suppose she was. Why mention it?  Because they hate her. Really, whoever wrote it, hates Varina. .



Julian G. Dickinson, Late Adjutant 4th Michigan Cavalry and Brevet Captain, USV

Original Member of the Michigan Commandery, Insignia Number 3751

Military Order of the Loyal Legion of the United States

Read January 8, 1889 (First Published 1899)



Being questioned by Col. Pritchard, he stated there had been several mounted men to the house ring the afternoon, from a camp near the village, to purchase forage and provisions, and the camp lay about a mile and a half out on the Abbeville road. Placing the freedman in advance for guide, and directing the utmost silence to be preserved in the column, we moved out on the Abbeville road. The night was rather dark, but clear and very quiet. We marched the distance of about a mile when we halted and made the necessary arrangements for the capture of the camp when light was deemed sufficient to enable us to discern its situation.

A detail of 25 men, under command of Lieut. Purinton, was sent to make a circuit of the camp and get into position on the road beyond, to station pickets, and take precautions for preventing the escape of the occupants in that direction, awaiting our advance and capture of the camp.

We rested until the first appearance of the dawn of the morning of the 10th. The order was then quietly given to mount, and placing a small force under command of Capt. Charles T. Hudson, as an advance guard, with directions to charge forward upon the camp, our column moved in support. The charge was uninterrupted by any picket of camp guards, and we speedily entered and enveloped the camp by a surprise so complete that no one seemed to have been disturbed.

The advance guard moved directly and quickly through the camp toward Lieut. Purinton's picket. Our main column halted for a minute in the road before entering the camp. On the right of the road, in line, facing a clearing or parade, stood three wall tents; beyond the clearing there was, what appeared to me to be, a swampy thicket; on our left, in the woods, at some distance from the road, was a miscellaneous collection of tents and ambulances. The extent of the camp could not, however, be distinctly seen from our position.

At this moment some of our men appeared to be straggling from the column and Col. Pritchard directed my attention to it and to the care of the camp, and as he moved forward with the column through the camp, I rode out and took a position by the roadside until the column passed me. I then rode across the parade, in front of the wall tents, on the right of the road. I saw no one about the tents and there was nothing indicating who occupied them, until, as I passed the tents d started to move into the road beyond, I saw a man partially dressed, emerging from a "shelter-tent." I at once rode up to him and inquired what force was there in camp. He looked at me seemingly bewildered. Not hearing him reply to me, I repeated the question, and while lingering for a response, I was suddenly startled by a familiar voice calling.

I turned and saw Andrew Bee, our "headquarters cook," who was standing close to the front of one of the wall tents and pointing to three persons in female attire, who, arm in arm, were moving rapidly across the clearing towards the thicket. Andrew called to me, "Adjutant, there goes a man dressed in woman's clothes." 

The person indicated was quite apparent, and I rode at once toward the party, ordering them to halt, repeating the order rapidly, they seeming not to hear, or not inclined to obey, until I rode directly across their pathway, when they halted. At that moment Corporal Munger, of Company C, came riding up from the thicket, and taking a stand in the rear of the party brought his carbine to a position for firing upon the man dressed in woman's clothes, at the same time applying to him an appellation that was in vogue among the troopers as a designation of "Jeff. Davis." I ordered the corporal not to fire, there being no perceptible resistance.

The person in disguise was Jefferson Davis, and his companions were Mrs. Davis and her colored waiting maid. The scene thus presented was rendered pathetic by the cries of Davis' family at the tents and by the heroic conduct of Mrs. Davis, who placed her arms around the drooping head of her husband, as if to protect him from threatened peril; she mad no other appeal to us.

Davis had on for disguise a black shawl drawn closely around his head and shoulders, through the folds of which I could see his gray hairs. He wore on his person a woman's long, black dress, which completely concealed his figure, excepting his spurred boot heels. The dress was undoubtedly Mrs. Davis' traveling dress, which she afterwards wore on her return march to Macon. At the time of the capture she was attired in her morning gown and a black shawl covering her head and stately form, while her waiting maid was completely attired in black.

Glancing from this party before me, and around the position, I was startled by the presence of several rebel officers who in the meantime quietly came upon the scene. The positions they had taken clearly indicated they were interested in the movement of their chief. I ordered Davis and his party to retire to their tents and then moved toward the rebel officers in question, requesting them to also retire. I was promptly obeyed.

I directed Corporal Munger to guard Mr. Davis and his party in their tents, and to take two men who came up with him for that purpose. I then rode forward to report to Col. Pritchard the episode that had taken place. In the meantime spirited firing had commenced, and the usual evidences of an engagement with an enemy appeared in the direction our column had advanced.

As I passed Davis' tent, in going to the front, Mrs. Davis called to me, and I dismounted to hear her request. She asked what we were going to do with Mr. Davis and whether herself and family would be permitted to go along with him. I informed her that I could not tell what would be done with any of them until I had reported to my commanding officer. She then very earnestly said that we must not interfere with Mr. Davis as he was a very desperate man and would hurt some of us. She further requested that I would see to certain things that she had in th wagon, and I promised to attend to that

As I moved into the road I met one of our officers from the front with something from the wagon, in the shape of a canteen of most excellent fluid, of which he freely offered me a share. I mete Col. Pritchard just returning from an unfortunate conflict with the 1st Wisconsin Cavalry, that regiment having come upon our pickets and mistaking them for an enemy, retired and formed for a battle, which forced our column to form in line and skirmish with them, in the belief that we had met a force of the enemy. Col. Pritchard brought the engagement to a close by dashing into the lines of the 1st Wisconsin and notifying them of the mistake.

The fact was that the 1st Wisconsin and the 4th Michigan expected to find a desperate force of the enemy; the 1st Wisconsin, however, was marching without any knowledge of the locality of the camp, and without any expectation of finding it at that time, having been in bivouac most of the night, a few miles from our picket.

I reported to Col. Pritchard the capture of Jeff. Davis in his attempt to escape from the camp in female attire, and that I had put him under guard. In the meantime Mr. Davis put on his male attire - a suit of gray - and came out of his tent. When he saw Col. Pritchard he shouted out some inquiry, which he followed up with the old familiar charge, "You are vandals, thieves and robbers." He evidently had worked himself into a rage, for when I went to him soon after, getting the names of the prisoners, he refused my request for his name, and I was obliged to receive it from his wife, who spoke up proudly, in answer to my repeated question, "his name is Jefferson Davis, sir."

The captured party consisted of Jefferson Davis, accompanied by Mrs. Davis and their three children; John H. Reagan, Postmaster General; Col. Johnston, A.D.C.; Col. Burton N. Harrison, Private Secretary, and Col. F.R. Lubbock, A.D.C., of Jeff. Davis' staff; Major V.R. Maurin, of the Richmond Battery of Light Artillery; Capt. George V. Moody, Mollison's Light Artillery; Lieut. Hathaway, 14th Ky. Infantry; privates W.W. Monroe and F. Messick, 14th Ky.; privates Sanders, Ingraham, Wilbury, Baker, Smith, Heath and Alliston, of the 2d Ky. Cavalry; privates J.H. Taylor and A.W. Brady, Co. E. 15th Miss., private J.W. Furley, 13th Tenn., all of the late Confederate States army, and midshipman Howell of the Confederate navy, Miss Howell, a sister of Mrs. Davis, accompanied her. There were two colored women and one colored man, servants of the Davis family. Of the three children of Mr. Davis' family, the youngest was a babe and quite a favorite in our command (once on the march I saw it handed along the line); the oldest child was a little girl about ten years of age, and the other child was a boy of about seven or eight years. There was also with the party a little colored lad about the same age as young Davis, and the two created considerable amusement for us by their wrestling exercises. Burton N. Harrison, the Private Secretary, was the gentleman of whom I sought so diligently to elicit information immediately preceding the capture.

There was not the slightest show of any resistance on the part of any of the captured party, and they were all kindly treated by their captors. That their wagons and tents were searched thoroughly, I have no doubt. Lieut. James Vernor obtained a trophy of Davis' wardrobe, a dressing gown, which he exhibits, but whether Davis wore it as part of his garments at the capture is not known. It might possibly have been worn under his disguise.

Their horses were all taken by our men and considerable sums of money in gold were captured. The gold was taken, as I understood from Col. Johnston at the time, in the holsters of the rebel officers, where it had been carried for safety and convenience. Who captured the gold is somewhat of a mystery to this day. At the camp, immediately after the capture, Col. Pritchard was informed that one of our men, a Tennessean named James H. Lynch, was possessed of most of the coin and the Colonel searched him but found none of the gold; afterwards it is well known that Lynch distributed several pieces of gold coin among his companions and gave a few pieces to some of his officers. It is certain that the coin was never equally distributed.

In preparing for the return march their horses were all returned to the prisoners, and Mr. and Mrs. Davis and family were allowed the use of the ambulances, which they occupied most of the time on our return march.

On the 12th of May, returning, we met Major Robert Burns, A.A.G. of Minty's staff, from headquarters at Macon, who brought to us President Johnson's proclamation, offering rewards for the capture of Jeff. Davis and other fugitives. The proclamation was the first intelligence we received of the assassination of our President, Abraham Lincoln, and of the reward. I have now in my possession the copy of the proclamation which was handed to me at that time. It was issued on the 2d day of May, 1865, was published to the Cavalry Corps, M.D.M. at Macon, on the 8th day of May, 1865, and reached our command, as I have said, on the 12th day of May. Mr. Davis was securely guarded during our return march. Perhaps his guard was more strict than it would have been had he not given notice that he would make his escape if possible.

Before reaching Macon, Col. Pritchard received orders to make a detail form his regiment in readiness to take his prisoners to Washington, and after we reached camp, he proceeded upon that service and conveyed Jeff. Davis to Fortress Monroe.

The Secretary of War directed Col. Pritchard at Washington to obtain the disguise worn by Jeff. Davis at his capture, and Captain Charles T. Hudson undertook to procure it from Mrs. Davis. In his account of the affair, Capt. Hudson has related in a letter to Major-General J.H. Wilson, that Mrs. Davis stated to him that she attired Mr. Davis in her own dress, and she surrendered a certain garment which Col. Pritchard afterward described in his report to the Secretary of War as a "waterproof cloak or dress." Though I did not examine the texture of the dress worn by Davis at the capture, and cannot say whether it was waterproof or not, it was beyond all question a "woman's dress," and precisely like the dress usually worn by Mrs. Davis after the capture during our march back to Macon. I am very sure that not any gentleman's garment that could be described as a waterproof cloak was found or seen in the possession of Davis at his capture, or while on the march to Macon.

Burton N. Harrison, Jeff. Davis' Private Secretary, in his paper in "The Century," November, 1886, on this subject, states that Davis was not disguised at all, and that he wore a waterproof cloak which he usually wore on the march; and by further statement seeks to discredit other witnesses present at the capture, by assuring the public only one of our troopers was present there, the one who accosted him, and that he and Mrs. Davis and that one trooper, were the only persons who saw Davis at his capture; when the fact is, that while Davis was standing in his disguise in my presence, three of our troopers saw him, besides Andrew Bee, who pointed to Davis as "a man dressed in woman's clothes;" and there was present not more than two rods from the disguised figure, Capt. Moody and within about four rods from him, Col. Lubbock and other Confederate Army officers, who doubtless saw what took place.

My record of the event was made at the time in the line of my duty, and I then correctly and officially reported the fact of his disguise to my commanding officers.





What SOUTHERN and Davis apologist really don't want you to know. Or suspect.

It's impossible to know exactly why each Southern "historian" pretends Davis was honorable, brave etc.   But likely, they have invested so much in the myth of Confederate honor, and principle, they can not possible admit Davis was a coward, a liar, and did the things we show below.

Like his killing sprees to spread slavery.

Like his pledge to re-enslave all blacks, and take more slaves by arms in the North, and make them slaves, forever.

All blacks -- promised Davis -- North and South, would be put on the slave status, forever.

If you admit Davis was duplicitous and deceptive about his bravery -- which he was -- the rest of this is easier to believe, and harder to avoid. 

We are redoing this part of this blog..... sorry it's confusing, don't read it you don't want to deal with the mess. 

Here is the basic truth about Davis, Foote and other Southern apologist know -- much worse than the dress, and cowardice, 

Davis paid David Rice Atchison to kill people in Kansas, 1856, for even speaking against slavery.   See speech by Atchison himself, bragging about it.

Yes, bragging. 


Davis promised to invade the North, and make slaves of all blacks there.  He also ordered any person with "black blood" ever freed, to be "re-enslaved" forever.

A man of honor.  A man of "uncommon bravery" .  A man utterly devoted to the bible, his family, and his country.  

A man who sacrificed everything for that noble cause of states rights.   A man  of "Unconquerable heart".

Not so much, actually. Turns out the entire notion of Davis, and other Confederate leaders as a men of principle, may be fundamentally untrue. 

Over the past 50 years, an estimated 5 million children have gone to schools named after Jefferson Davis or Robert E Lee.  

Hundreds of millions have driven on Robert E Lee or Jefferson Davis highways, or  seen monuments to the men.

Davis and Lee are shown as brave, even anti-slavery....

None of that is true.  Davis insisted slavery was "A Divine Gift" and promised war if slavery was not spread into Kansas.  Davis  and Vice President Stephens even bragged his new nation -- the CSA -- was founded on the great truth of God's will for white men to punish the inferior black race, for sins Stephens insisted were biblical.

These were not two drunks at a bar -- these were the President and Vice President of the Confederacy, bragging about it.   Things that were "glossed" over in our  history books.

 Lee had girls, the age of the girls in the schools named after him, whipped and even tortured in other ways, for trying to escape.   Lee's father, White Horse Lee as he was called, had a girl that age hung, despite her pleas to let her give birth to her child, due soon.

The same document -- notice the last sentence.   He says this to address the issue, so that in the future, there will be "no misunderstanding".  

One of the most amazing events in US history was not that Davis wore a dress, but that his wife put that dress on, when he took it off.  Several soldiers mentioned -- briefly -- that Varina emerged from the tent wearing the dress Davis had taken off.   Apparently to keep the Union soldiers from using it as a souvenir, which in fact, worked.

   The soldiers did send the overcoat -- the "Ratigan" to Secretary of War Stanton.  Much was made that Stanton never showed the dress.  He could not show the dress, because Varina put it on!  

The point is -- Davis is would insist, for the next 24 years, that he was heroic. Dressed in his manly clothes, he protected his children with his life, and would have killed the first Union soldier,  if not for the proximity of the children, who would be in danger because of his bravery.  

Davis, as he did on so many things, flipped reality on it's head.

He had to give a story -- that's the one he gave.